Swine flu: symptoms and treatment in children and adults. Prevention of swine flu in humans
Swine flu (Californian) - acuteInfectious disease caused by virus A (H1N1), characterized by high virulence (infectiousness), a feature of which is a high percentage of mortality among people at risk (pregnant women and people with chronic physical illnesses), rapid flow, severe respiratory disorders.
Symptoms of swine flu in humans
Clinic A (H1N1) is identical to the symptoms of "seasonalThe difference is the same - in 20-25% of patients the disease occurs against the background of diarrheal disorders (diarrhea, vomiting, nausea.) Infection with swine flu is characterized by a rapid "start", already on day 2-3 passes into viral pneumonia, changes blood composition, Increases its coagulability, leads to thrombosis, septic shock, myocarditis.
Symptoms of the disease in an adult:
Fever to 38-39 degrees;
Chills, joint / muscle pain;
Headache, dry cough;
Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting;
Disorders of the cardiovascular system: lowering blood pressure, tachycardia, deafness of heart sounds,
On a severe form of swine fluPyretic temperature (above 39 degrees), unproductive cough, myalgia, hyperthermia, chest pain, severe dyspnoea, hemorrhagic syndrome (nasal / pulmonary hemorrhages, hemoptysis). Extremely severe swine flu is characterized by the development of a dangerous pulmonary complication - acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Symptoms of a child's illness:
Persistent dry cough;
General weakness, high temperature (38.5-40 degrees);
Pain in the joints, shortness of breath;
Abdominal pain (abdominal pain);
Sore throat, nausea, vomiting.
Unlike adults, children are diagnosedModerately severe forms without complications. Over the catarrhal syndrome (runny nose, sore throat, cough), intoxication syndrome predominates (weakness, headache, fever). Disturbances of the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, diarrhea) are more often noted in children up to 6 years of age, on the x-ray of the chest, no infiltrative changes are detected. In general, infection A (H1N1) in children is characterized by a smooth course against a background of moderate abnormalities in laboratory parameters of peripheral blood.
Swine flu: treatment
Epidemic A (H1N1) in Russia began in January -Earlier than usual. The main difference between the 2016 pandemic is the fatal defeat of healthy young people 25-40 years old, a serious clinic that very quickly flows into a viral-bacterial bilateral pneumonia that has a purulent-hemorrhagic nature. According to the epidemiological surveillance of the Russian Federation, the virus spreads rapidly across the country's regions, dozens of patients died from a dangerous disease, hundreds of people are infected. Doctors call on the Russians not to panic and immediately seek medical help when specific symptoms appear. In case of adequate and timely therapy, the prognosis is usually favorable.
Swine flu medicine
Than to treat a pork flu? The only group of drugs designed to treat A (H1N1) are neuraminidase inhibitors: zanamivir and oseltamivir. Their action is based on blocking the flushing of influenza B and A viruses of sialic acid residues that are part of the glycoprotein receptors located on the membrane of the infected cell, which leads to the cessation of the multiplication of viruses. The resistance of A (H1N1) to Oseltamivir is 0.5-0.7%, Zanamivir resistance is not recorded.
Reception of Zanamivir (Relenza) and Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is recommended:
Persons under 19 years of age who are receiving acetylsacyl acid therapy;
People with HIV and serious medical conditions;
Children under 5 years old, adults over 65;
Patients with a confirmed history of A (H1N1) virus;
In the presence of two symptoms of the listed: difficulty nasal breathing, dry cough, respiratory failure, fever, sore throat.
Complicated forms A (H1N1) are treated with a combination of2-3 antiviral drugs: Arbidol + Viferon + Tamiflu, Tamiflu + Cycloferon, Panavir + Cycloferon + Tamiflu. Medium-heavy - a combination of Viferon + Tamiflu, Arbidol + Tamiflu, Viferon + Arbidol.
Symptoms: vasoconstrictive drops for the nose, febrifuge (Ibuprofen, Paracetamol), drugs for cough relief (Ambroxol, Tussin), antihistamines (Zodak, Claritin).
Prevention of swine flu: drugs
Swine flu is a dangerous disease that is easierPrevent. To date, a specific vaccine has been developed for specific prevention against the virus A (H1N1), for non-specific prophylaxis, drugs Arbidol, Tamiflu, and Viferon are indicated.