Description of mononucleosis, symptoms, treatment, consequences.
Causes and symptoms of mononucleosis
This disease occurs due to fallingThe Epstein-Barr virus, which is transmitted by airborne droplets. Infection spreads throughout the body due to the penetration of lymphocytes. Mononucleosis can easily be transmitted by sneezing, talking, sex, kissing. Children easily get infected with this disease through dirty unwashed hands, toys, utensils in public catering. In addition, the use of a towel, linen and dishes with the patient can also lead to infection.
Symptomatic of this disease is veryIs diverse. But, as a rule, mononucleosis begins as an ordinary cold: weakness, muscle aches, headache, low-grade fever, nasal congestion. The next day the patient's condition worsens, the above symptoms are accompanied by pain in the throat, an increase in the cervical or occipital lymph nodes and inflammation of the glands. On the tonsils there is a characteristic white coating or a red rash.
Since the disease is able to affect otherOrgans, complaints of pain in the region of the liver and spleen are not uncommon. In some cases, the virus causes liver damage, the first sign of which is the yellow stool and jaundice of the skin and nails.
Also, the disease is insidious in that the temperature,Inflammation of the smooth and lymph nodes can last from a week to three, which greatly weakens the human body. Sometimes the disease "quiet" for a couple of months, after which it resumes again. This condition can last from a month to a year and a half.
It should be noted that these symptoms, most oftenDevelop in children and adolescents. In adults, the disease can go completely unnoticed. Since mononucleosis can be easily confused with an acute respiratory viral infection or angina, it is necessary to take tests for an accurate diagnosis.
Treatment of mononucleosis
Since this disease carries a viralThe use of antibiotics is unlikely to help destroy the virus. Therefore, in the first place, the doctor must prescribe a febrifuge, as well as drugs that increase the protective functions of the body. If a complication occurs and after the disease a liver or spleen lesion is detected, then additional treatment for these organs is prescribed.
For faster recovery and recoveryForces can use the recipes of traditional medicine. For example, a decoction of chamomile or rose hips will help. The tincture of Eleutherococcus will give strength and tone to the body. At the time of treatment, include in your diet more vegetables, fruits and honey.
As you can see, this disease is insidious in its own way. At the first suspicions and signs similar to a mononucleosis necessarily address to the doctor, the selftreatment can result in sad consequences.