Histology: what is it, definition. Histology: what is it in gynecology and oncology.
Histology: what is it?
Histology is a science that studies the structure,Development and vital activity of body tissues. This area of medicine is often irreplaceable in the diagnosis of various diseases. Histological examination is quite reliable, it helps to confirm or disprove the presence of inflammatory processes, as well as malignant or benign disease, to determine the need for surgery or in treatment without surgery.
To carry out this kind of research, a sample of tissue is taken. In different cases, the sampling of the test material can be done in different ways, depending on the specific case.
Depending on the material taken, the histological examination is performed within 5-15 days, but in cases of acute need, rapid analysis is performed, which takes up to 40 minutes.
Histology: what is it in gynecology
What is histology in gynecology? This is an indispensable type of laboratory study, which is prescribed often enough along with blood tests and ultrasound to establish a timely and correct diagnosis and treatment. It is performed by the method of studying under a microscope a thin section of tissue taken for a study. The material is taken from the uterus, ovaries, cervix if necessary. Also on the histology can be directed endometrial tissue (inner shell of the body of the uterus), fluid from the neoplasms into the vagina, mucous from the cervical canal.
The analysis for histology in gynecology is appointed by the attending physician in such cases:
- Constant pain in the lower abdomen for no reason;
- Prolonged bleeding;
- Leukoplakia of the cervix or vulva;
- Pathological changes and neoplasms on the surface or inside of the female genital organs;
- At suspicion of inflammatory or oncological diseases of the uterus, cervix, ovaries or vagina;
- Abortion (miscarriage or fetal fading);
- Research of the material after operations, for example, such as scraping of the uterus, removal of polyps, cysts and other neoplasms, as well as removal of the organs themselves.
Histology in oncology
The analysis for histology is directly associated withOncology. After all, it is difficult to diagnose malignant formations, and without histological examination it is sometimes even impossible. Often, various neoplasms are benign. And histology allows you to diagnose them in the early stages.
In what cases is a histology required? What can this mean for the purpose of the analysis? The attending physician, as well as the patient himself, can alert the modification of the birthmark or birthmark, the sudden enlargement of the lymph nodes, the appearance of formations in the lacteal or thyroid gland. But not all diseases need histological examination. For example, the histology of the thyroid gland is assigned only if the nodal formations exceed 10 mm.
Histological examination is used to determine the diseases of the fetus, intestine or stomach, as well as after cavitary operations.
Deciphering the analysis of histology and diagnosis on its basis, only a qualified physician is engaged, so do not try to decipher your analysis on your own.