/ / Contraceptive after the act: emergency methods. Postcoitalital contraception, contraceptive pills after sex for women

Contraceptive after the act: emergency methods. Postcoitalital contraception, contraceptive pills after sex for women

Urgent contraception: indications

  • Absence of other contraceptives during sexual intercourse (more about contraceptives can be read here);
  • Sexual violence;
  • Incorrect use of a planned contraceptive;
  • Tearing / slipping of the condom;
  • Expulsion of the ectopic spiral;
  • Progestin OK was taken with a delay of 3-5 hours;
  • Incomplete dissolution of the spermicide (sponge, suppository, tablet) prior to commencement of coition.

Contraindications:

  • Individual intolerance of the components / component of the drug;
  • Severe hepatic impairment;
  • Age to 16 years, the onset of pregnancy.

Preparations for emergency contraception for women

Postinor

This is a hormonal contraceptive afterThe act has pronounced antiestrogenic and gestagenic properties. It inhibits ovulation, changes the endometrium, prevents the introduction of a fertilized egg, increases the viscosity of cervical mucus, preventing the progress of spermatozoa. Contraceptive reliability: in the first 24 hours between sexual intercourse and reception of Postinor - 94-96%, 24-48 hours - 80-85%, 48-72 hours - 50-55%.

Instructions for use

Take a one-time contraceptive Postinor inDosage of 750 μg (1 tablet) during the first 48 hours after coition, after 12 hours, take another 750 μg of the drug. One course is 2 tablets. If vomiting occurs on the background of the reception, repeat taking the pills. Postinor can be used on any day of the cycle. It is not allowed to use the contraceptive as a means of continuous protection - this leads to an increase in adverse reactions and a decrease in effectiveness.

Contraindications:

  • Lactation period, pregnancy;
  • Severe diseases of the bile duct and liver;
  • Vaginal bleeding of unknown origin;
  • Hypersensitivity to the ingredients of the drug;
  • Vein / arterial thrombosis, history of thromboembolism;
  • The period of puberty (relative contraindication);
  • Delay in menstruation.

Side effect:

Dizziness, fatigue, a feeling of tension in the mammary glands, intermenstrual bleeding, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea.

Escapel

The gestagenic preparation for postcoitalContraception Escapel suppresses fertilization and ovulation if vaginal contact occurs during the preovulant phase of the cycle. Can change the endometrium, preventing ovulation. It is ineffective with the implantation of a fertilized egg. Contraceptive reliability of Escapela: in the first 24 hours after intercourse - 94-95%, 24-48 hours - 80-85%, 48-72 hours - 55-57%. In the recommended dosage does not affect the metabolism of carbohydrates / fats, blood coagulability.

Instructions for use

Take 1 tablet (1.5 mg) orallyLater 72 hours after unprotected contact. If vomiting occurs within 3-4 hours after ingestion, take 1 pill additionally. It is allowed to take the contraceptive on any day of the cycle.

Contraindications:

  • Individual intolerance of the drug components;
  • Pregnancy, age under 16;
  • Deficiency of lactase, glucose-galactose malabsorption;
  • Severe liver disease.

Side effect:

Headache, dizziness, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, delayed menstruation, acyclic bleeding.

Mirena

Tablets for emergency contraception withContaining synthetic gestagen. They differ in anti-estrogenic and gestagenic properties, inhibit ovulation, change the endometrium, prevent the implantation of a fertilized egg. By increasing the viscosity of the cervical secret, the progress of the spermatozoa is stopped. Contraceptive reliability with timely use is 90-95%.

Instructions for use

Take 1 tablet after sexual contact(0.75 μg) for 48 hours, after 12 hours take another tablet. Limit: no more than 4 tablets in 30 days. If vomiting occurs on the background of Mirena's reception, repeat taking the pills. In the case of intensive uterine bleeding, a gynecological examination is indicated.

Contraindications:

  • Severe pathology of the biliary tract / liver;
  • Individual intolerance;
  • The period of puberty;
  • Jaundice in anamnesis, presumed pregnancy.

Side effect:

Nausea, intermenstrual bleeding, dysmenorrhea.

Important: Pills emergency contraception prevent conception for 5 days, passing from the moment of vaginal contact until the moment of pregnancy. They can not damage the developing embryo and interrupt the onset of pregnancy.

Pay attention to: