The level of hCG during pregnancy.
Blood test for the level of hCG
The very first analysis that a woman canMake yourself - this is to make a pregnancy test. It is thanks to him that you can determine the presence and level of urine in the urine of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), which allows you to identify pregnancy in the early stages. If after a test you have doubts about its results, you need to make a blood test for hCG in the laboratory.
The norm of hCG during pregnancy
- In order to understand what is at issue, it follows thatTo find out what the human chorionic gonadotropin is. After the fertilized egg is attached to the uterus, the chorion (the scientific name for the fetal embryo) begins to produce gonadotropin. This is to protect the embryo from aggressive conditions of introduction into the maternal organism.
By the way, the constantly changing hormonal backgroundPregnant women is due precisely to the presence of this hormone, which facilitates the restructuring of all processes in the female body to maintain and develop a new life.
- In addition, hCG reduces immune activitySystem, not allowing it to destroy the "alien" organism. It is for this reason that in the early stages the hormone is produced very intensively, increasing almost twice in every two days.
- If we consider the norm of the content of hCG in the blood,Then it should be noted that in the first couple of weeks it can reach 300 units, to the third - 5000, at the end of the first month is approaching 30 000. Some in the period from 5 to 8 weeks, even up to 200 000 units. After this peak, usually a decrease in hormone levels in the body of a pregnant woman.
How to diagnose an ectopic or frozen pregnancy?
It should be noted that the test resultsAn ectopic pregnancy is displayed equivalent to the usual one, so immediately after receiving a positive result, consult a specialist. An experienced physician will be able to detect pathological abnormalities at an early stage with ultrasound, diagnostic laparoscopy and hormonal blood analysis. The latter is effective because, with an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, the level of hCG is significantly reduced, which is evidence of an embryo placement in the woman's body, or the presence of a frozen pregnancy.
Is there any cause for concern with increased hCG?
It should be mentioned that the physiologicalThe features of the future mother's organism can influence the deviation of hCG from the norm in one direction or the other on each of the weeks. This fact must be taken into account before you independently establish a diagnosis - the analysis and comparison of figures should be handled by a doctor, from whom you are observed.
Not always an elevated level of thisA hormone in the blood means a deviation in pregnancy, it can only accompany a toxicosis. But, if in combination with other tests, its indices are very different from normal, this may indicate the presence of diabetes mellitus or gestosis, in some cases - even that there is a risk of having a child with Down's syndrome.
Yet it is worth recalling again that it should not bePrematurely give in to panic if there are abnormalities in hCG levels from normal, as this can be due to many factors. That is why the final diagnosis should be entrusted to the specialist - the treating doctor.