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Cracks in the nipples during breastfeeding

Prevention of the formation of cracks and abrasions of the nipples and timely treatment of them is a warning of milk stagnation and prevention of mastitis.

Cracks on the nipples are also dangerous because through themCan penetrate the infection, form candidiasis nipple and even mastitis. Such conditions can cause harm not only to the youngest mother, but also to a child who, with breast milk through wounded nipples, can also catch an infectious disease.

Why are cracks formed
  • During lactation, the mother appliesThe kid is wrong. The nipple is not designed for severe compression, chewing, and other horrors that go with it during feeding. He is only a guide, helping the kid to orient and capture the areola - the nipple circle. This place should be located in the area of ​​the baby's gums, and it is his baby who squeezes to get milk. With the right attachment to the breast, the tip of the nipple is near the baby's sky, and its lower lip is as if turned outward. If the nipple penetrates the mouth of the crumb deeply enough, it remains only in the tongue, and its lower lip easily injures the nipple and areola. When such irritations occur regularly, the skin around the nipple is damaged and the wounds and cracks appear.
  • Incorrect removal of crumbs from the chest. Often, when a child finishes a breast meal, he can squeeze the nipple with his jaws, injuring him. The same happens if a woman for some reason wants to stop feeding and pulls the nipple out of the baby's mouth, and he tries to keep it. If you need to stop feeding before the baby is full, insert your little finger into the corner of the baby's mouth, fix the open jaws and gently remove the nipple.
  • Use of bottles for feeding, as well asPacifiers. The mechanism of sucking in using these "substitutes" is completely different, and the baby can put his chest as if he is sucking a bottle. This leads to unpleasant sensations during feeding and can provoke the appearance of cracks.
  • A short frenum of the tongue in the child itself. It does not allow the baby to stick out the tongue during feeding, put it on the gum and perform the correct sucking movements.
  • Incorrect care of the breast. The most common mistake - too regular washing of the breast with soap, in which the nipple leaves the natural protective film. In addition to moisturizing properties, it also has antibacterial properties, preventing the penetration of harmful nipple bacteria into the nipple.
  • A rare change of disposable pacifiers. If you do not change them regularly, they become wet, being a nutrient medium for pathogenic bacteria, rub and irritate the skin of the nipples.
  • Thrush and other dermatological diseases of the skin areolas and nipples.
Methods for controlling nipple cracks
If the nipples are wounded, then the first thingIt is necessary to find out why they appear and eliminate this cause, and only then apply ointments and agents for healing and repairing damaged skin areas.

Ineffective ways
  • Feeding on the clock, as well as reducing the number ofFeeding and their duration (restriction of the time of stay of the baby in the chest by 10-15 minutes). The kid has time to get hungry and sucked so tightly to the chest that even more injures the tender skin of the nipples. In addition, the child may not have time to drink from the breast the necessary portion of breast milk and empty the breast completely, which is fraught with the rapid extinction of lactation.
  • Use of a bottle for feeding. Mom has to buy additional accessories and express milk from the breast, while the effect of this is not so obvious - decant (whether by hand or with the help of modern breast pumps) also traumatizes the chest and can lead to a decrease in lactation.
  • Use of special pads on the nipples. Lining can reduce pain and preserve breastfeeding: they take on the pressure that the nipple carries if the child is not properly applied. But sucking milk through such an artificial nozzle is much more difficult, and the crumb will continue to suck not as needed. This can lead to the fact that the breast will not be completely emptied of milk, and the baby himself is not good at gaining weight.
Effective methods
  • To learn the correct application and weaning of the baby from the chest, and also check the crumbs of the bridle of the tongue.
  • As little as possible to use for feeding a baby bottle, and not get carried away using dummies.
  • Ensure proper breast care. It is quite possible to do hygienic washing of the breast (1-2 times a day) without soap. Wear linen from natural fabrics, if possible, do not use breast pads or change them often, air the nipples after you feed the baby.
  • All ointments and creams can be used only afterFeeding. In order for cracks to heal faster on the nipples, they can be lubricated with sea buckthorn oil or rose hips oil, aloe juice. Before feeding the baby, rinse all the ingredients from the nipples with warm water and rub the breast well.
  • Timely treatment of thrush in mother and baby.
When cracks are formed on the nipples by self-treatmentIt is better not to practice. Do not forget that the main and often the only reason for the cracks that have arisen is the incorrect application of crumbs to the chest. Without solving this problem, no drugs will help. A breastfeeding consultant will help you with this. He will also explain how to properly nurse the nipples and skin of the breast. Usually correcting the application and changing the position of the baby at the chest dramatically reduces the pain sensation, but if the cracks are very deep, sometimes you need to take a break and do not feed the baby with an injured breast from a few hours to 1-2 days. At this time, the mother expresses her hands and feeds the baby with breast milk - best of the nesosatelnyh items (poipnik, spoon, syringe without a needle).
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