Thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities: causes, symptoms, treatment of the disease.
Causes of the disease
Thrombophlebitis is the inflammation of the veinsWhich form a thrombus. There are thrombophlebitis acute, subacute and chronic. Isolate purulent and non-purulent thrombophlebitis, as well as thrombophlebitis of superficial and deep veins. The causes of this disease are quite a lot:
- Damage to the integrity of the veins;
- oncological diseases;
- Inflammatory processes of internal organs;
- Infectious diseases;
- Increased coagulability of blood;
- Hormonal disorders;
- Birth, gynecological operations and any surgical interventions;
- Retardation of venous blood flow.
Symptoms of thrombophlebitis
How to treat thrombophlebitis?
Treatment for thrombophlebitis can be conservative in a hospital setting, or it may be surgical.
Conservative treatment of thrombophlebitis
Is in the elimination of localThrombotic process and removal of inflammation. At the onset of the disease, when patients develop inflammatory conditions, complex local treatment is required. Compression bandage is made. He also anesthetizes, and cools, and removes puffiness. Most often in the treatment of thrombophlebitis, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as diclofenac ointment and ketoprofen gel are prescribed. Rectal suppositories and intramuscular injections are also used. Which reduce the likelihood of complications. To prevent the progression of the disease, dynamic complex control over its course is used.
Surgical treatment of thrombophlebitis
It consists of dissection of thrombosed nodes, theirDressing and excision. Immediate admission to specialized departments of vascular surgery is necessary in the ascending forms of thrombophlebitis of the trunks of the large and small saphenous veins, when the transition of thrombosis to deep veins is possible. In such cases, one can not do without an operation.
Treatment with folk remedies
In acute thrombophlebitis is extremely effectiveTreatment with leeches. They are placed above the thrombus - they will easily pierce the skin and cause bleeding. But you need to remember that any treatment should be done under the supervision of a doctor.