/ Thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities: causes, symptoms, treatment of the disease.

Thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities: causes, symptoms, treatment of the disease.

Causes of the disease

Thrombophlebitis is the inflammation of the veinsWhich form a thrombus. There are thrombophlebitis acute, subacute and chronic. Isolate purulent and non-purulent thrombophlebitis, as well as thrombophlebitis of superficial and deep veins. The causes of this disease are quite a lot:

  • Damage to the integrity of the veins;
  • oncological diseases;
  • Inflammatory processes of internal organs;
  • Infectious diseases;
  • Increased coagulability of blood;
  • Hormonal disorders;
  • Birth, gynecological operations and any surgical interventions;
  • Retardation of venous blood flow.

Symptoms of thrombophlebitis

Symptoms of thrombophlebitisThe disease begins with not very severe pain in theFeet. Skin blushes, it becomes warmer to the touch, inflames. There is a slight increase in body temperature - up to 37.5 ° C, sometimes - up to 38 ° C. After 5-6 days the temperature can be normalized. Sometimes thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities proceeds without raising the body temperature. Also, the ailment may be accompanied by swelling or swelling of the foot. The skin becomes inflamed with stripes. Then, various seals appear on it. These are clots. The pain in the leg is worse. Using ultrasound, you can find out the real extent of thrombosis.

How to treat thrombophlebitis?

Treatment for thrombophlebitis can be conservative in a hospital setting, or it may be surgical.

Conservative treatment of thrombophlebitis

Is in the elimination of localThrombotic process and removal of inflammation. At the onset of the disease, when patients develop inflammatory conditions, complex local treatment is required. Compression bandage is made. He also anesthetizes, and cools, and removes puffiness. Most often in the treatment of thrombophlebitis, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as diclofenac ointment and ketoprofen gel are prescribed. Rectal suppositories and intramuscular injections are also used. Which reduce the likelihood of complications. To prevent the progression of the disease, dynamic complex control over its course is used.

Surgical treatment of thrombophlebitis

It consists of dissection of thrombosed nodes, theirDressing and excision. Immediate admission to specialized departments of vascular surgery is necessary in the ascending forms of thrombophlebitis of the trunks of the large and small saphenous veins, when the transition of thrombosis to deep veins is possible. In such cases, one can not do without an operation.

Treatment with folk remedies

Treatment with folk remediesWhat if traditional medicine does not help? Of course, try to treat thrombophlebitis with folk remedies. After all, they are able not only to save the family budget, but often are more effective. You can try making compresses from cabbage. A sheet of white cabbage is beaten, smeared with honey and applied to the foot. On top you need to roll up an oilcloth and wrap it well. Make such compresses within 30-35 days. You can also try rubbing your feet with a solution of apple cider vinegar. To do this, mix a glass of water and 1.5 tbsp. L. Vinegar. Repeat the procedure twice a day.

In acute thrombophlebitis is extremely effectiveTreatment with leeches. They are placed above the thrombus - they will easily pierce the skin and cause bleeding. But you need to remember that any treatment should be done under the supervision of a doctor.

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