Features age 45+: menopause
Stages of menopause
Do not take the climax as some kind ofDisease, because this is a completely normal natural process, natural for every woman. In Greek, menopause means "ladder", and here are its "steps":
Premenopause: the cycle is irregular, there is a problem: when there are enough estrogens, and gestagen - in short supply. And for the consistency of the cycle, the balance of these hormones must be at a certain level.
Menopause. You can only define it after the fact. This is the period when menstruation does not go for a year (this means that the level of sex hormones in the body has fallen as much as possible).
Postmenopause - occurs one year afterLast monthly. This period of menopause can be calculated according to the results of the tests, namely, when the hormone gonadotropin decreases, and also when the estradiol is below 30 pg / ml. You can also check the maturation of follicles by means of a special medical test AMN - on the anti-Mueller hormone.
There are certain medical criteriaRegarding the onset of menopause: if menopause occurred before the age of 40 - the premature climax, in 40-44 - early, from 45 to 52 years - this is the norm, after 53 years - late.
The body's response to menopause
The reaction of the woman's body to the inevitableAge changes can be most unpredictable: someone really does not care for the climacterium - well-being can be excellent and a woman can even breathe with peace of mind that the monthly "holidays" are over. There are statistics that every 14 women are among the lucky ones. And someone is experiencing the "autumn" in full: frequent hot flashes, severe headaches, fatigue, increased sweating, excruciating insomnia, and some even develop a real depression ... About 10% of women feel so bad that they need even Release from work (this is the so-called pathological menopause).
The main reason for all sorts of "autumn"The woman's troubles - a change in the hormonal background. After all, female hormones regulate not only the reproductive system, but also many other important organs and tissues. For example, they have an effect on the skin and mucous membranes, besides sex hormones directly affect the nervous system of a woman, so during menopause irritability and nervousness may appear. In addition, a deficiency of female sex hormones can provoke osteoporosis (bone density decreases) and cardiovascular diseases (accumulating harmful lipids, clogging the walls of blood vessels).
Treatment of the effects of menopause
If different symptoms are addressed to narrowSpecialists - many appointments can not be avoided (and in fact some drugs are antagonists to each other, which complicates the situation). The most progressive solution for the time of change is hormone replacement therapy (HRT), which is designed to replace the estrogen hormone that is lacking in the female body. The practice of HRT in countries of Western Europe and the United States has a solid history and equally impressive success. Almost every second woman experiencing menopause receives the appointment of HRT. The situation in our country is somewhat different - the popular "dislike" for any hormonal treatment affects. However, properly organized HRT not only eliminates all the annoying trifles of the climacteric period, but also significantly reduces the risk of certain diseases in old age, such as coronary heart disease or osteoporosis, and also prevents rapid aging of the skin, restoring missing collagen fibers in the cells, and according to some studies HRT can even increase life expectancy to 10 years. But a large set of excess weight, which many of our women are afraid of, hormone therapy does not help.
And yet HRT is not a panacea, it also has contraindications:
- Oncological diseases (even in a family history);
- Previously suffered heart attack;
- Severe liver damage.
Alternative to hormones - homeopathicDrugs that can be used with not too pronounced consequences of menopause, as well as physical exercises, a balanced diet, rich in calcium and natural analogues of female sex hormones (for example, soya).
Some myths about menopause
- You can stop using contraceptives likeOnly menstruation ceased. Of course, the older a woman, the less chance she will have to get pregnant, because with age the childbearing function gradually fades into nothing, but it is not completely excluded. From protection it is possible to refuse only during the period of postmenopause, which comes after 12 months after the last menstrual period.
- Climax can be delayed if you give birth closer to 40Years. We hasten to disprove you, late birth does not guarantee a late climax. However, caring for the baby can push all other pressing problems to the background, and it is possible that the climax will pass almost imperceptibly.
- Menopause is a problem that concerns exclusivelyWomen. Not certainly in that way. With age, hormonal changes in the body occur in both sexes. True, in men such a restructuring of the body comes later and proceeds less noticeably.