Is completeness the hereditary or the reason in our habits?
When in all the guilt
More recently, English scientists have discovered thatThere is no connection between genes and obesity. A lot of experiments were conducted, where the effect of genes on appetite was studied. As it turned out, the extra pounds are injected from the increased appetite. And the appetite itself is influenced by genes, which sometimes mutate and from this person constantly experiences a feeling of hunger.
Each of us has a gene that producesHormoneptin. This hormone sends a signal to our brain about the onset of satiety. After this, the brain stops giving signals that we are hungry. When changes occur with the gene that produces leptin, the signal in the brain stops coming, but the person eats, eats and eats all the time. This is considered a disease that can be easily determined by a blood test for hormones. Genetics have been scared to create an artificial "leptin". It is administered to people who are obese, just like insulin diabetics. Positive results are: already on the third day the appetite decreases, and the weight begins to decrease rapidly.
There are also cases when people are bornWithout the hormone "leptin". But there are only 12 such people in the world. In Russia, no such patient was registered. But for the time being one can not say for sure that there are no such people. After all, doctors may not have discovered the absence of a hormone.
Obesity is affected by other genes. For example, with a defect of genoproopiomelanocortin, a person suffers from excessive weight. This gene corresponds to the production of a whole group of genes, including those associated with a sense of appetite. Scientists have found out that this disease even has its own external features: people suffering from such ailment tend to have bright red hair, pale skin, they quickly become tired. In total, 11 people are registered with an incurable disease.
Such forms of obesity as these two, doctorsAre called monogenic. These forms arise only due to the breakage of one particular gene. Today, scientists sing out as many as 11 forms of monogenicgen obesity. However, there are very few similar problems. Therefore, do not beat the alarm if you have problems with being overweight. It is best to ask the doctor to help identify the cause of obesity and prescribe the correct treatment.
It is also interesting that the many-sided formsObesity begins to manifest immediately in the child after the first months of life. Already in a year, these children have an uncontrollable appetite and excess weight. If the excess spring begins to appear at the age of five to six years or older, then it is not the vaginas that lead to weight gain. The reasons for completeness should be sought in other factors. For today, scientists have identified 430 factors that affect the set-up.
Proved by twins
Dr. Claude Bouchard conducted a veryInteresting research, in which the twins took part. Several parodobrovoltsev were selected, who were given food for a thousand calories per day more than necessary. Weight began to increase, not only in the experimental, but also in their second pair. All brothers or sisters recovered equally. But when comparing different pairs, it turned out that some twins added significantly less weight than others. Thus, it turns out that the same increase in the number of calories in food, with low physical activity in different families, led to a sudden increase in weight. Then the subjects were put on a diet. And again the result was similar, some dropped more than others. The conclusion from this was simple: those who quickly gained weight and lost weight worse, are more prone to fatness.
What does "susceptible" mean? For example, some people become full because of a slow metabolism. The rate of metabolic processes is located in our body at the genetic level. Another variant is also possible. For example, from generation to generation, a modified gene could be transmitted, which is responsible for the production of a certain protein. And the same protein, in its turn, takes part in the creation of a food enzyme. Thus, the enzyme is not so active and as a result of this the digestive system does not work as expected.
Blame everything for hormongrelina
In our body there is a special hormone ghrelin,Which answers for our appetite. At some people the level of this hormone is raised or increased ssamogo births. It is these people who are most often prone to fullness, as well as various defects in the insulin gene. The action of each hormone is manifested in different ways for each of us, that's why we have different body complexions. By the way, the hormone ghrelin acts under stress, too, in different ways. If a person is full, then he will seize the stress, and if slim, then he will lose his appetite. It is inherent in us by nature.
But doctors assure that if you want, then lose weightThe main thing is to change the way of life, food and habits. A little diligent work will help you bring your weight back to normal, and on health, the loss of extra kilos is good.
The most harmful gene
Suppose that a person was born with a mutatedA gene that affects weight gain. In the first case, he will eat healthy food and exercise, and in the second - just eat half-finished products, fatty food and lie on the couch in front of the TV. How do you think up, in both cases the person will recover to the same number of kilograms? No! From different foods, a different number of "fat layers on the sides" will increase. Even in those people who are genetically predisposed to fullness.
Thus, we can draw a simple conclusion: it all depends on our habits, as well as on the habits inherent in the family.
It can not be denied that the geneticPredisposition to fullness is. But this does not mean that we are gaining weight precisely because of it. Everything will depend only on ourselves - whether we will rapidly gain weight or remain thin. If you still doubt and blame the genes in your excess weight, then think: the connection between heredity and excess weight is established by scientists. Does the number of complete people in the world continuously increase? It grows. But then why not a few hundred years ago there was an epidemic of obesity? After all, the genes were the same. And in one century they would not have had time to radically change. So you need to "dig deeper". Not the genes, but our way of life, have changed. We have become more of a harmful food: fatty, sweet, genetically modified foods, and also cultivated. Our way of life has also changed. We began to spend more time sitting behind TVs and computers. Our work has become mobile. We do not have time for ourselves: for sports, for walks and so on. We live in constant tension and stress, which can also provoke an increased appetite, and as a result of the appearance of extra pounds.
So, dear girls, do not blame the genes in everything. Take yourself: eat right, go in for sports, lead a healthy lifestyle, experience less and get enough sleep. Then you will not type superfluous kalogrammy and will always remain in fine form.