What do you need to know about anesthesia?
A little bit about anesthesia ...
The most common anesthesia for todayIs epidural and spinal. It is done in those cases when it is necessary to anesthetize below the waist. In epidural anesthesia, the drug is injected through a thin crater. This is very convenient, because if necessary, the dose can be added (for example, during long-term operations, childbirth or after surgery). Spinal anesthesia is done with only one injection of anesthetic. The pain sensitivity in this case is lost approximately 5 hours.
Some worry that during suchAnesthesia can suffer spinal cord. For this you need not worry. In the place where I make the injection, there is no spinal cord. The drug is introduced into the liquid that surrounds the "ponytail" - individual nerve fibers. The needle spreads them, but it does not hurt. The only complication that can occur with spinal anesthesia is a headache that can last from three days to two weeks. Noee is easy to remove with simple painkillers or caffeine.
If you just do not want to feel that with youDo, you can just ask the doctor to give sedatives that cause sleep. In such cases, such a dose of the drug is calculated, which will allow you to oversleep throughout the entire operation. However, this method in Russia is rarely practiced, the distinction is from Europe, so you need to find a clinic in advance where this is done.
The most important thing for an anesthesiologist is to doCorrect common anesthesia. In fact, this is a controlled disabling of the brain. In this case, your body will stop responding to all external stimuli. Due to the correct combination of drugs, not only the pain, but also the relaxation of muscles, as well as the management of important functions of the organism is provided.
If the anesthesiologist incorrectly calculatesDosage, the patient can wake up during the operation. Sometimes it happens and it is necessary, for example, when interfering with the spinal cord or the brain, so that the surgeon can determine whether important departments are affected. After that, the person falls asleep again. In general, if awakening during the operation is not planned, you can not survive. Since the awakening after anesthesia occurs gradually. And if the anesthesiologist notices this, he will immediately take action.
For narcosis, narcotic drugs are most often usedfacilities. In small quantities they are safe. But they can cause nausea. To avoid this, you must not eat anything before anesthesia. Also, together with a narcosis doctor, he often introduces drugs to his patient that relieve nausea.
Some people are afraid that after anesthesiaShortens the life or memory deteriorates. Doctors and anaesthesiologists assure that this can not happen. Of course, apart from those cases when already anorexia nervosa there are problems with memory.
Doctors can not give contraindications toAnesthesia. This can only be done by an anesthesiologist after a thorough examination and the identification of all health problems. In fact, there are no absolute contraindications to anesthesia. Perhaps just not all types of anesthesia will work for you, so the doctor will pick it up individually. There are also cases when there are problems with health, a person after anesthesia within a day, sometimes more, is not allowed to go home and left in the hospital under supervision. This is done to reduce the risk of possible consequences.
What kind of anesthesia is best for you?
Very often patients ask one question: "And which anesthesia is the safest?". This question is not entirely correct. In each case there are individual indications. In addition, the anesthesiologist chooses the type of nestosis, depending on the operation, the psychological mood and the state of the patient's health.
Some believe that spinal anesthesia is moreSafe for people who have weakened immunity, as well as for the elderly. This is not true. Each type of anesthesia is safe in its own way. Therefore, it remains for us to choose only a clinic with a good doctor. Unfortunately, in our country the level of training of specialists is lower than in European clinics. But technology, equipment and drugs are almost the same for us. Therefore, the main role will be played by the human factor: the doctor, the patient's recommendations and the level of professionalism.
How to choose a good doctor for anesthesia?
Listen to the opinion of the surgeon who will beCarry out vamoperatsiyu. Information about a surgeon is much easier to obtain than an anesthesiologist. Besides, if the surgeon is good and values his reputation, he will never work with a bad anesthesiologist.
Visit specialized medical forums. On them you will be able to find out a lot of interesting things about doctors, and also about what kind of anaesthesiologist has a good reputation. Such reviews are sometimes much more useful than various certificates and titles.
If the above methods do not provide answers,Talk with the anesthesiologist himself. The professional you will necessarily tell everything in the smallest detail: about what anesthesia is needed in your case, how it will be carried out. The more you tell a person, the more competent he is. If you find a common language with your anesthesiologist - it's good and will benefit you. So you will feel calmer and more confident.
Local anesthesia has another name -It does not require the presence of an anesthesiologist and is used in simple operational interventions. For example, in dermatology, dentistry and so on. It is absolutely safe. It is true that some people may have an allergic reaction. Therefore, before you take an injection, you will be asked if there has been an early allergic reaction to the drug used. Do not be afraid. Modern drugs for local anesthesia cause such reactions very rarely, than the novinokain, which is already years old. In addition, it is possible to make a skin test or to pass a blood test for immunoglobulins E to medicinal preparations. It is recommended to do this if you suffer from allergies.
Sometimes, in addition to local anesthesia, you canOffer sedation. It will already be conducted by an anesthesiologist. This is not really an anesthesia, but rather a simple dream caused by sedatives that do not disable the nervous system, in contrast to anesthesia, but just slightly slows down its reaction. That is, the person is asleep, but if he is disinhibited or called, he will just wake up. Sometimes a person with sedation is not completely euthanized, but only reduces the sensitivity and completely relax. Everything will hang from a particular case.
As you can see, there is nothing terrible in anesthesia. It is safe. The main thing is to find a good anesthetist, who has experience. And then any anesthesia will pass without any consequences.