How to recognize a stroke and provide first aid for a stroke?
What is a stroke?
A stroke can characterize two conditions. First, when, because of the tremendous pressure, the blood vessels of the brain are broken, after which there is a hemorrhage to the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). The second - when the blood ceases to enter any part of the brain due to obstruction of the vessels leading to it (ischemic stroke). Therefore, in any case, the cause of stroke are problems with blood vessels.
In the risk zone, mainly elderly people are located,which are already 50 years old, as well as hypertensive patients and suffering from atherosclerosis. Sometimes blood vessels cause problems with high blood cholesterol, which is caused by malnutrition. Stress can also cause a stroke.
It is proved that women suffer from a stroke less oftenmen. Priyatom girls of childbearing age, the risk is much less, because hormone estrogen, which is actively produced in the blood, prevents cholesterol-zakuporivat walls of blood vessels.
How to prevent a stroke?
There is a pre-stroke state. If you determine it in time, you can avoid a stroke. Most often in the pre-adult state, a person experiences weakness, pressure jumps, nausea, dizziness, down to loss of consciousness. Sometimes limbs can not dumb: hands or feet. Most often these symptoms are confused with hypertensive crises, so do not hurry to see a doctor for a checkup. In addition, such attacks last not for long, only a few hours. If such a condition lasts more than a day - then the stroke came.
How to recognize a stroke?
Most often, an ischemic stroke occurs in a dream. The person after him wakes up with nausea, headache, the head begins to spin and feels a general weakness, sometimes half of the face can be immobilized, a foot or a hand, and in the eyes a split. If on the eve of such a state there were teprichnaks, as mentioned above, then a misfortune occurred. Hemorrhagic stroke can happen at any time and in any place.
Even if a person seems normal and isin the mind, it does not mean anything. His speech may be broken. Smile with a stroke of a stroke is also difficult. Occasionally, hoarseness and sharp salivary secretion may occur. This is due to the fact that it is difficult to swallow saliva during an attack, and a person can even choke. That's why you need constant supervision before the arrival of the doctor. Also, at the time of a stroke, severe headache and doubling in the eyes can occur.
Hemorrhage can occur in any hemisphere. If this is the case, the limbs will be refused. To determine which hemisphere has suffered, turn the right and left limbs of the affected person one by one. Start your hands. One hand will be in the tonus, and the second, most likely, will hang with a whip. If a person is unconscious, then one leg may be limp to be unfolded.
A dangerous symptom is the pupils of different sizes. One eye can go to the side, and the one in which the hemorrhage occurred. Also a damaged brain hemisphere can indicate a rotated head.
First aid to preinsult
1. If at least a few of the above described symptoms are seen in a person, then immediately call an ambulance. While the ambulance will be, provide first aid. First, free the person's airways-remove the tie, unbutton the collar, and also clean the saliva with a clean handkerchief. It is necessary to provide fresh air and access to oxygen. To do this, remove the people from the victim.
If a person falls, do not move it. He could get injured by an attack, which can be aggravated by movements. If the person is on his feet, then he needs to lay him down, and put a roller under his head. It is possible to make a roller from any improvised means: jackets, jackets, a jacket and so on.
2. If you notice signs of severe ischemic attack or stroke, try to resort to alternative medicine, which sometimes helps a little improve the condition before the arrival of an ambulance. Massage each finger of the victim from the palm, pay special attention to phalanxes, this will help to recover.
If the pressure is increased, then it can be a littlelower if wrapping the first joint of the thumb (it is under the fingernail) laces a rubber band (better than black). The finger should turn blue - to do this, hold it wrapped for two minutes, and then release the pressure. After such a procedure, the pressure should drop by 15 units, after 20-30 minutes. If the time has not changed, repeat the procedure. You can not survive - no harm will come, but on the contrary, ease the condition.
Also, the pressure can be reduced with the help of medicines: fizzy aspirin, glycerin, cerebrolysin. These medications will not have any side effects.
3. In case of stroke, vomiting may occur. If this happens, you need to quickly turn the victim's head to one side so that he is not suffocated by vomit.
In addition to vomiting, epileptic seizures also occur. And they can be frequent and follow one after another. In this case, it is necessary not only to turn the person on his side, but also insert a spoon in his mouth, wrapped in a handkerchief to hold his head with his hands. If there is no spoon, you can use any other subject: stick, comb, toothbrush and so on. Use a clean handkerchief to wipe the penis, which will go from the mouth. The most important thing is not to create superfluous pressure on a person in this situation.
Remember - never let sniff ammonia spirtcheloveku when he has a seizure. He can suffocate and die!
4. It happens that the patient stops the heart. In this case, it is urgent to do a heart massage and artificial respiration.
5. In no case should you give the affected vasodilator, such as papaverine, nicotinic acid or no-shpa. After their reception, the vessels expand in all areas of the brain and the blood will begin to niaktivno poured. At this time, the damaged blood vessels will stop receiving blood.
Remember that before the ambulance arrives, lifethe affected otitiset is completely in your hands. From the correctness of your actions and quick reaction will depend a lot. It is better to do something than to leave a person helpless.
Unfortunately, a stroke can occur in each of theus. Nobody is immune to this. Therefore, if you notice a person who is ill, or who looks like a drunk, better approach and clarify whether everything is in order. Ask him to smile (a person with a stroke can not do it), check the shadows, ask them to raise their hands. In extreme cases, think that you are a strange person. But perhaps in this way you will be able to save someone's life. Remember this. Do not remain indifferent to someone else's grief.
We wish you always to remain healthy and not to know similar problems with health!