/ / How does venous insufficiency develop, and what complications does it lead to?

How does venous insufficiency develop, and what complications does it lead to?


In that case, when it comes to a temporary problem, a person may not notice anything special. But if the expansion of the vessels occurs constantly, the first symptoms of trouble begin to appear.

The first symptoms: a feeling of fatigue in the legs

The process of development of venous insufficiency canExpressed in varying degrees: beginning with mild ailments (a feeling of heaviness in the legs or swelling) and ending with more serious manifestations, such as phlebitis (inflammation of the veins) and embolism of the pulmonary artery. It is recommended to lead a healthy lifestyle and, with initial symptoms, diagnose the disease as early as possible in order to take appropriate treatment. Therefore, it is very important to know the signs of venous insufficiency: it senses the sensation in the legs and the feeling as if they are burning; The ankles and feet swell, it becomes very difficult to walk; Marked restless legs movements; Leathers the color; At night, there are cramps calf muscles, preventing normal respiration.

Usually, convulsions occur at the end of the day, ifThe man held him "on his feet." Another sign that distinguishes simple muscle exhaustion from venous insufficiency is that cramps, a feeling of heaviness in the legs and swelling are most intense on hot days or when a person is near a source of high temperature, for example, a stove. Thus, these symptoms are common in the summer months. In the morning pains are more tolerable, but gradually grow during the day, as the temperature rises and fatigue increases. The pain will be weakened if you lie down with your legs raised after a light shower or a small rest.

The appearance of varicose veins

In this case, if the initial symptoms are notEliminated, the veins continue to expand, trying to compensate for interference in the flow of blood. This process provokes an inflammation of the tissue of the inner walls of the vessels. Then the venous walls expand and, as a consequence, secrete toxins and water, which increases pain and swelling. Now more obvious signs are emerging that there are problems in the functioning of the venous system. For example, after minor injuries small hemorrhages appear, which sometimes occur even without a cause. In addition, varicose-dilated veins on the back of the knees and the outer surface of the thighs can become visible. As a rule, they look like cobwebs or mesh stars.

Type of violation of the circulatory system: cold feet

Violation of the circulatory causes the onsetThe symptom of tired legs and veins. Another disease among the most common pathologies of the lower extremities is the so-called cold feet. The temperature of the feet is dependent on the temperature of the environment, as well as on the circulation of blood. If the thongs tend to cool, do not wear tight shoes, stockings inos that prevent proper circulation; Recommended moderate physical stress and the rejection of certain habits - smoking, drinking coffee, etc. These are the most effective preventive measures aimed at avoiding the appearance of the symptom of cold feet.

Despite the fact that this state can notBe considered a serious disease, without proper preventive measures, the symptom of cold feet can lead to complications such as gastritis, bronchial asthma, migraine, etc.

Expansion of veins

For most people, the expansion of veins does notCan always be found from the first glance, because there is a possibility that excess fat or cellulite secretes the varicose veins. The expansion of veins occurs when the appropriate treatment for venous insufficiency has not been undertaken.

The blood returns to the veins in the heart afterDelivery to all cells of nutrients. On the way back, she is forced to overcome many obstacles - such as attraction, valves of venous walls, calf muscles and low blood pressure. Excessively expanding in an attempt to maintain a constant flow of blood to the heart, the veins as a result lose their tone, curve and become noticeable. The skin becomes transparent, and thin thin threads begin to appear through it.

The circulatory system has some mechanismsSecurity. If blood stagnation occurs in the veins of a small volume, the neighboring veins in some measure are able to take on the task of providing a crotch in this area. Conversely, when difficulties in blood circulation occur in vessels of large diameter, it is impossible to completely compensate for obstruction of the blood circulation, and therefore there is an expansion of veins. Although it can occur in many parts of the body, the most common localization of the lower limbs.

Venous insufficiency affects almost everyoneThe fourth person. As for the expansion of the veins, every tenth is subject to this loss of energy. And the number of women, according to statistics, exceeds twice the number of men suffering from this disease.

Usually, with the exception of very rare cases,Enlargement occurs in the veins of the superficial network of legs. And above all, subcutaneous vessels are affected. There are two large, dense veins. The external saphenous vein originates on the outer side of the tinea and rises along the central and posterior parts of the tibia to level to the deep vein. The inner vein comes from the ankle from the inner side of the leg and enters the deep vein in the groin area.

It is in these two veins that the majority of varicose extensions occur. In separate, however, rare cases, varicose extensions can also appear in the vascular branches of the subcutaneous veins.

Hemorrhoids - a kind of expansion of veins

Hemorrhoids are varicose veins,Developing in the area of ​​the anal opening and causing a burning sensation in the rectum, pain and blood during defecation. External hemorrhoids, that is, the nodes that form under the skin of the anal opening, are called "hemorrhoidal cones." The fact that hemorrhoids develops only in humans can be indicative of its close connection with malnutrition.

Stages of varicose veins

Isolate the triptype of varicose veins.

  • Small varicose enlargements, which at the beginning of their development do not pose a serious danger to health, are nevertheless considered a cosmetic drawback.
  • Medium varicose veins. They suggest a problem that can not be ignored, because over time it can cause bleeding from the veins or inflammation of the surface vessels. Even if the varicose at this stage does not go into a more serious form of the disease, it is very painful.
  • Large varicose veins. At this stage, when the veins of the entire leg are affected, the disease creates a real health threat. Often it happens that, in addition to the inevitable pain and itching, this type of varicose veins leads to thrombophlebitis, ulcers, etc.

Complications of venous insufficiency

Wheneveryvenous insufficiency passes intoThe chronic stage of the disease and wall vessels begin to weaken, there is a possibility of complications much more serious than the syndrome of tired legs and varicose veins. Until now, the main problems due to swelling of the legs were pain and anxiety. If venous insufficiency is not eliminated, phlebitis, that is, venous thrombosis as a result of a blood clot forming in the vessel, may occur.

Occurrence of a blood clot in one of theSuperficial veins is not considered dangerous, because small blood volume circulates in these vessels. The formation of a blood clot in a deeper vein, on the other hand, can lead to more serious consequences because of the large volume of transported blood. A blood clot formed on the vein wall can at any time enter the bloodstream, clog one of the pulmonary arteries and, as a consequence, cause pulmonary embolism.

It is necessary to consult a doctor before the first appearance of such symptoms as: redness, swelling, numbness, unexplained pain in calves of legs.

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