Variety of vegetable oils: how to choose?
What kind of oil is used and when should it be used?
Most people use, as a rule, a coupleKinds of vegetable oils: one for frying, the other for salads. But this is not quite right. The more oils, the better. Dietitians advise in the house to keep 5-6 types of oils and alternate them. In day it is necessary to consume about 1 table spoonful of milk (any). Then the benefit from it will be maximum.
Vegetable oil is extracted by spinning. After spin it is filtered and cleaned. As a result, there are three types of vegetable oils: raw, refined and unrefined. Raw oil passes only the filtration, therefore in it all the useful substances are maximally stored. It is recommended to use it in cold weather. Unrefined oil is filtered, sedimented, then passes the process of hydration and neutralization. At the same time a part of useful substances disappears. Refined - goes full of processors: discoloration, deodorization. As a result, it loses a lot of useful elements. But it is great for frying.
Sunflower oil contains a lot of fattyAcids, which are necessary for building cells, maintaining immunity, the synthesis of hormones. Also it contains proteins (up to 19%), carbohydrates (up to 27%), vitamins P, E and A, antioxidants. In cooking, this oil can be used for almost everything. But for ready-made cold dishes it is better to take unrefined oil with a rich aroma. To preserve the flavor, it is recommended to store it in a cool dark place at a temperature of 5 to 20 degrees, necessarily a glazed container. At a price, it is cheaper than all other oils.
Recently, it was olive oilEnjoy great popularity. It is suitable for both salad dressings and for preparing various dishes. Due to its unusual taste, it is able to give a special taste to the products. In addition, it is absorbed better than all other oils. It contains unsaturated fatty acids and "useful" cholesterol. Many doctors recommend it to pregnant and lactating mothers, as it contains fatty acids similar to those of mother's milk. Olive oil with regular consumption will protect you from cardiovascular diseases, obesity and diabetes.
In cooking, it is best to use oliveOil for preparing dishes of Mediterranean cuisine: Greek, Italian or Spanish. In Europe, this oil is recommended to buy in plastic bottles. It is cheaper, its storage time is less and it is sold up faster, which means it is always fresh in stores. That the oil does not lose its flavor, store it in a dark cool place in a sealed container.
Before the appearance of sunflower oil, linseed oilWas very popular in Russia. It contains the optimal ratio of fatty acids: linoleic (omega 6), linolenic (omega 3) and oleic (omega 9). Vitamin E is able to be better absorbed by the given acids. At the same time, regular consumption of oil improves the condition of nails, skin and hair, helps strengthen the nervous system, normalizes the work of the intestines, kidneys and thyroid gland and improves the condition with PMS.
In cooking this little can only be usedIn a cold view. It is perfect for sauerkraut and for cereals. To ensure that the oil lasts longer, store it with the lid closed in the refrigerator, but not the boy.
Oil of a walnut
Such oil is very useful. It perfectly combines omegazhirnye acid, vitamins B, A, C, PP, K, E, D, macronutrients (iodine, zinc, calcium, iron, copper, phosphorus, selenium and cobalt), carotonoids. With regular consumption of walnut oil will help make the skin supple and smooth. Arastitic enzymes will have a positive effect on the health of men.
In cooking it is perfectly suited as aRefueling ksalatam. Also used for marinating meat, in desserts, baking, and also for sauces to hot dishes. They can season meat and vegetables, cooked on the grill.
This oil contains natural antibiotics,Therefore it is used for the treatment of colds, burns, wounds. It contains a lot of vitamins PP, E, Ai B6, choline and omega-3. Thanks to this, it promotes body growth, lactation and increased elasticity and strength of capillaries.
In cooking, it is used to makeSpicy taste of various salads, vinaigrette, meat and fish dishes. By the way, the dishes, in which this oil is added, does not last longer. And all due to the fact that the oil has bactericidal properties.
Contains a lot of iron, antioxidants, lecithin,Vitamins B1, B2, A, P, calcium and useful fatty acids (oleic, palmitic, stearic). Sesame oil is used to treat respiratory systems, colds, coughs, thrombophlebitis, and also to normalize thyroid gland function. Regular use of it helps relieve stress and tension.
In cooking it perfectly complements dishes of Asian cuisine, sauces, salads, marinades for meat and fish. Light sesame oil can fry food.
Pumpkin oil has a positive effect onMasculine health. With regular use, the risk of prostatitis is reduced, and the metabolism in the body is so gormormalized. It contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, vitamins E and A. In cooking it is used in ready-made purees, cereals, soups and snacks (cold and hot). By the way, quality sesame oil will never be bitter.
Grape seed oil
It is rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids. Regular use of this oil will improve the structure and tone of your skin, strengthen the walls of the lymphatic and blood vessels, and increase their elasticity. It is widely used not only in cooking, but also cosmetology for the fight against cellulite and ivaricosis. In cooking, it is suitable for filling, for marinating meat and fish products, and also goes well with any vinegar.
Is the most resistant to oxidation amongRefined oil. It helps to prevent the occurrence of atherosclerosis, improves the state of the intestine and liver, the gallbladder and is recommended for diseases of the nervous system. Rich in vitamins E and A. In cooking it is best to use it for frying. Sometimes it is added to confectionery products and voyonnaise.
Soybean oil is valued for its high contentLecithin-substance, which is useful for the central nervous system and vision. Also, this oil is well suited for dishes that are cooked deep-fried. On sale it is only refined. And its storage period is only 45 days.
As you can see, there are a lot of oils. All of them differ not only in terms of quantity, but also in the amount of useful substances. With the help of oil, you can diversify your daily food, and also strengthen your health. The main thing is to properly choose the right oil!