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Ovaries: main problems

Ovarian Cysts

Every woman who has a normalThe menstrual cycle, once a month, the formation of benign cysts in the ovary is a small sac, which is filled with fluid, or the ovarian follicle. When the egg begins to ripen, it breaks and cleanses the egg, this occurs during ovulation. However, when ovulation does not happen, this pouch grows further, forming the cyst in the least amount. Due to the fact that it appears from normal tissues and every month it changes, it is called a functional cyst, as a rule, it disappears before the beginning of the next cycle. Otherwise, it needs to be investigated.

There is a different kind of cyst, whichIs formed in the ovary after displacement of the egg. The cavity is filled with new cells and blood vessels to form a yellow body, it produces progesterone, preparing the organism for pregnancy. Typically, such yellow bodies exist for two weeks, and then if a woman becomes pregnant, they skukozhivayutsya and form a small scar. However, if the ovary bleeds and blood enters the yellow spot, a cyst may form, which will be filled with blood. Only now such a cyst also has a month of blotch.

Another kind of ovarian cysts are small tumors that are filled with liquid, and can even be hair and fat. Some of them are filled with mucus and grow to the size of 9 months of pregnancy.

There are a dozen types of cysts, and only seven of them- it's functional, which pass by themselves before the menstrual cycle begins. If the cyst lasts longer, bleeding and pain occurs or if it reaches a larger size, then you need to go to the doctor. If you examine it with ultrasound, you can explain the degree, size and type of cyst.

Many kystynikak do not show up, so youYou may not even know that she will have it until the doctor tells you about it during the examination. However, if the cystic tumors reach a large size, they can press on the bladder, abdominal wall or intestine. With such a cyst, pain and nausea may occur. Often this happens very quickly, but sometimes it can last a long time. Be that as it may, you must go to the doctor to examine you.

How to be now?

To start, plan a trip to the gynecologist. If this year you did not pass the examination, then do it now. Any woman should be checked at a gynecologist at any age. Without inspection, you will not learn that your cyst grows until it becomes too large.

Any cyst that has not disappeared in a month and has grownMore than 5 cm, in a woman who has saved the menstrual cycle or 2 cm in a woman who has reached the menopause, should be examined and in any case removed, even if it is of good quality. This is done so that it does not break and does not twist and to make sure that this is a non-malignant cystic tumor. With the help of color ultrasound, you can identify a variety of cysts.

Valuable information can also have a blood test,Especially those women who live in menopause. If women have good results of ultrasound examination and positive results of analysis of CA-125, then the risk that the cyst will be a malignant is very small.

Laparoscopy can remove the cyst, but only not when it is very large. In this case, the operation with a section of the abdominal wall will be selected faster, so the doctor can better examine the ovaries.

Can I just drain the cysts, and not delete them if they are benign?

This can not be done, because they canRecover after drying. Moreover, when the doctor completely removes them, you can fully study them under a microscope to make sure that they are not malignant.

Is it necessary to carry out a hysterectomy when removing cysts?

Now they do not do this, but there was a time when thisPracticed. Any woman of climacteric age had to do extensive cavitary surgery to remove the uterus, so that in the future there were no problems.

If a woman is sick with an ovarian cyst, then the risk of developing ovarian cancer is increasing?

At all net.Esli a woman has a cyst, it does not say that she is more predisposed to cancer.

Ovarian Cancer

Among cancer diseases, as the cause of death inWomen, ovarian cancer is on the fourth place. In America, every year 22,000 new patients with such a disease are registered. In women under 40, ovarian cancer is rare, but after that, the risk of the disease increases, although it is not as common as breast, rectum or lung cancer. At an early stage it is very easy to fight with it, but it is actually very repulsive because, That it is possible to determine it at an early stage very often, although only one woman of seventy is ill with this. When, at last, the time comes and the ovarian cancer is diagnosed, it already imperceptibly penetrates other organs, in contrast to endometrial cancer and cervical cancer, which develop very slowly, they can be detected even at the precancerous stage.

Ovarian cancer is a vile cancer, because itHas no manifestations at an early stage: no pain, no signs of anxiety, no bleeding, no visible tumors. Moreover, in our time there are not so good methods that can suspect its development at an early stage.

How to be now?

Every year, do not forget to visit the gynecologist, who will examine the ovaries and feel their dimensions and irregularities.

Tell the doctor about whether there were cases of malignant tumors in your family so that the doctor could watch you more closely and conduct inspections more often.

Ask the doctor if you need to takeContraceptive means are oral. There is information that indicates that if a woman has a family history of a disease with malignant tumors, then she is credited with such drugs that reduce the risk of endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer by almost 50%. In addition, they protect the woman fifteen years after the end of their reception.

When everyone can have access to the analyzes thatWill be able to detect a defective gene that causes women to be located to ovarian cancer, even if you have a gynecologist and you have this analysis if someone in your family has suffered from cancer.

Why can not we detect ovarian cancer at an early stage?

Normal healthy ovaries in diameter make upOnly two inches, they are located deep in the abdominal cavity and can reach a large size, until it is found during inspections. Even ultrasound does not always distinguish the cancer of benign tumors, and now there are no such ideal tests that could detect cancer cells in vyaychachah.

Why does ovarian cancer appear?

Doctors can not establish specificHowever, it is known that women who have never been pregnant, especially those who are not protected from sex for many years, are more susceptible to the risk of ovarian cancer. There are also studies that say that diets with a high fat content can increase this risk. But women-vegetarians suffer from ovarian cancer by 40% less.

Preparations for infertility can cause ovarian cancer?

Probability of this is very small, but women whoAre infertile, have a higher risk of ovarian cancer. There have been many studies on this subject, but they did not show an increase in the incidence of ovarian cancer in subjects who took such drugs and subsequently became pregnant. There are only cases when women were treated for infertility and did not become pregnant, but they developed ovarian cancer. Perhaps it's not in the drugs, but in the presence of women's deviations, thanks to which a woman can not become pregnant, and the tundra cells begin to become more active.

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