Identify at first glance the person sufferingAsperger syndrome, or, as it is also called "autism spectrum disorder", is almost impossible. These people do not have any visible abnormalities, you can notice the presence of the disease only in the process of communication. In medical sources, this syndrome is classified as a violation of social interaction, which directly affects the normal functioning of the individual in the process of his life.
The main difficulties
It is necessary to know that people suffering from the syndromeAsperger, can lead a perfectly normal and full life in the creation of optimal conditions for them. Although some scientists believe that the syndrome can have much in common with autism, as people with Asperger's syndrome may be mentally retarded, but the general picture shows that this disorder is more a violation of social interaction. Many people who have been diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome in childhood, as they grow older, adapt more and more to life in society and some symptoms recede into the background.
In fact, the main difficulties of such people are the following:
- Difficulties with social imagination - they canDo not understand the full extent of what other people are saying, can not imagine the further course of development of events, as well as relationships, it is difficult for them to interpret the thoughts and feelings of others. People with Asperger's Syndrome understand everything literally, do not react to jokes and do not perceive the meaning of stable expressions (phraseological units and aphorisms);
- Difficulties with social interaction - these peopleMay want to communicate, but because of their illness they are constantly experiencing similar difficulties. They hardly have friendly relations, they can not always support the conversation, they can start talking on a completely detached topic or ask inappropriate questions. Often, people with Asperger's syndrome frighten other people by being too abrupt and close to approaching another person, behaving incorrectly, or being detached from all for no reason.
- Difficulties with social communication - such peopleCan not always understand facial expressions, tone of voice and intonation of other people. When speaking difficult words (for example, scientific terms) or composing complex sentences, they may not fully understand their meaning.
Otherwise, these people can have a richImagination, talents and even become outstanding artists, doctors, lawyers and so on. The level of their intelligence, often, is not lower than that of other, quite healthy people. Sometimes it reaches a level above the average. The speech skills of such people in most cases do not differ from the skills of other people. In addition, people with Asperger's Syndrome can focus on one particular subject or phenomenon and study it deeper and deeper. In industries in which it is necessary to perform automated actions, day after day doing the same routine work, such people too can succeed.
People who have been diagnosed with "syndrome"Asperger "still can be distinguished from the crowd for certain features, except those for which they are identified only in the process of communication. These attributes include: the fascination with a certain subject, the emergence of such a hobby, to which the person devotes all his time, the desire to collect, sensory difficulties (problems with sensations, sight, smell and other sense organs), a love for order and for a certain planned course of life .
In the first case, such a passion is capable ofTo develop not only intellect and skills, but also to establish social communication, if a person's hobby is at least somehow connected with people or society. This "fixation" can develop into a deep study, and later in the profession. As for the love of a certain plan and order, it can simply relieve people with autistic disorder from stress and fear, because they see us and the world differently, with their own eyes and it seems to them in most cases frightening.
Sensory difficulties can be manifested inHighly developed or otherwise, in underdeveloped vision, smell, hearing. For example, too loud sounds, bright colors can cause fear or stress. Also these people experience difficulties with the sensation of their body, they do not orient themselves well in space, they do not always compare how close they can get to others. Also often there are those who do not tolerate touch, people with autistic disorder can experience real pain from such touches.
Is it possible to heal?
This disease is usually diagnosed in childhood andA person has to live with her all his life. Sometimes when growing up people get rid of some symptoms, but it is impossible to completely cure the syndrome. Drugs that could "heal" to date do not exist. It is possible only to use non-medicinal methods that will not cure, but will be able to support a person in the state closest to the condition of healthy people. These methods can improve a person's quality of life, and also help him develop communication skills and abilities. Such methods include: cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, physiotherapy exercises to improve coordination of movements, training of social skills. If necessary, treatment of concomitant diseases, such as stress, depression, neurosis, is also carried out.