Functional food: products, their properties and composition
Products that are related to the functional power
Such products must have a longShelf life, easily prepared and well absorbed by the body. However, the most importantproperty of products, related to functional nutrition - is the opportunity to improve the health of the organism. These products are usually classified as those that contain certain ingredients that are somehow useful for health.
There is a series of mandatory conditions, without fulfillmentWhich the product can not be referred to as functional. First of all, all its components must have a natural origin. All such products must be an integral part of the daily diet. And the last thing is that each of them should exert some influence on the body, for example, improve the work of the gastrointestinal tract, increase immunity, etc.
Functional food products can not beBADam or drugs, they are presented in the form of ordinary food forms and never happen in the form of tablets, pills, etc. One of the distinguishing features of these products can be called what can be used without prescribing a doctor. It is also important that they can be used for a long time, since they do not have side effects and do not harm the body. To prevent or curative effect of them was reached, they must be used regularly.
Functional products must necessarily be of natural origin, do not contain harmful additives and chemical impurities. Each of them must possess great biological activity.
Each product related to functional nutrition must necessarily pass the long-term tests in clinical conditions and have a medical certified documentation.
History of the emergence of functional nutrition
Functional products first appeared in Japan. In 1955, the Japanese created the first dairy fermented milk product, developed on the basis of lactobacilli. Japan's medicines already then realized that a healthy organism is impossible without the maintenance of intestinal microflora in the norm. After 29 years in Japan, a national project was launched, according to which the creation of a system of functional nutrition was started. In 1989, this scientific direction was officially recognized and the term "functional nutrition" began to be used in scientific literature. Two years later the system of functional nutrition was formed at the state level. Approximately at the same time, there appeared a concept of products that can be consumed to maintain their health.
Functional products in the world
Given time, this industry is expandingAnd is gaining popularity. In the wake of the world, people are switching to functional nutrition, and Russia is no exception. Our manufacturers are trying to keep up with foreign, constantly increasing the share of manufactured functional food products. Producers of Europe, Japan and America moved much further in this.
Given time, Japan is aThe only country in which the law on functional foods was adopted. For example, there you can meet in the sales of ready-made soups that interfere with the development of violations of the blood supply, chocolate, which helps with the prevention of myocardial infarction and even beer against cell pathologies.
Almost the same wide distribution of productsFunctional nutrition was received in the US, there the company is deployed for their advertising in the media. But on the territory of Germany, a similar advertising of products that have a curative effect is prohibited.
Today, you can count more than three hundredThousand kinds of such products. In Japan, similar products are already 50%, and in Europe and America about 25% of the total share of food. According to the forecasts of Japanese and American specialists, soon enough, some functional products can replace individual medicines on the market.
Is it possible to classify such products as clerks?
Of course, that a lot of substances that are includedIn the composition of functional food products, can bring significant benefits to the human body. But these products are not a panacea. You can not consider them medicines. It is for this reason that they can be used for the treatment of certain diseases in addition to the medication procedures, but not in their place. In addition, manufacturers of such substances must take into account the interrelations of different substances. Some useful substances can manifest their medicinal properties only in combination with others, worse absorbed by our body in an isolated form.
Types and composition of functional products
Products that are functionalNutrition, in its composition contain large doses of active biological components. They can include various microelements, vitamins, bioflavonoids, antioxidants, probiotics, lactic acid bacteria, amino acids, dietary fiber, proteins, polyunsaturated fatty acids, peptides, glycosides, etc.
More often, functional products are presented on the market in the form of soups, cereals, cocktails and drinks, bakery products and sports nutrition.
Specialists recommend that the products of functional nutrition accounted for not less than 30% of the human diet.