/ What are nitrates and what do they eat?

What are nitrates and what do they eat?

Nitrates harmoniously exist in nature andGetting rid of them is impossible. This is an obligatory element of nitrogen food for plants, without which protein synthesis is impossible. Even if fertilizers are not used at all, they still become nitrites, and in the final result they turn into ammonia (the main food of plants).

So, the very presence of nitrates is not so terrible, butThis overabundance can lead to very harmful consequences. In a day a person is allowed to consume 300-350 mg of nitrates. Therefore, do not rush to overeat with vegetables and fruits, and sometimes follow the advice of specialists.

The number of nitrates is affected by several factors. Among them, not only dozes of fertilizing, but also the conditions in which the fruits grow. Plants have different ability to accumulate these substances. There are three groups:

  • With a high risk zone (salad, beets, spinach, cabbage, dill, green onions, radish, watermelon and melons);

  • Medium (zucchini, turnip, cauliflower, cabbage, cucumbers, carrots, horseradish);

  • And fruits, the least accumulating nitrates (Brussels sprouts, sorrel, peas, potatoes, beans, onions, tomatoes, berries and fruits).

Nitrates enter our body not only withVegetable food, but also with meat, water and medicines. In fresh fish and meat products they are few. But in the finished products to preserve and improve the taste of chemistry, all manufacturers add. Nitrates are rich in groundwater, tobacco, even the body itself can produce them with a certain metabolism.

Harmful to the human body nitrates very significantly:

  • The result of their processing is nitrites atInteraction with hemoglobin form methemoglobin, which can not saturate cells with oxygen. As a result, the amount of lactic acid increases and the protein in the blood decreases. This is especially true for babies, their systems are not yet able to quickly make the synthesis of methemoglobin in normal hemoglobin.

  • They reduce the amount of vitamins in food and affect metabolism.

  • With prolonged admission, there is a shortage of iodine and an increase in the thyroid gland.

  • It is proved that they contribute to the development of tumors in the gastrointestinal tract.

  • Lead to the formation of a harmful environment in the intestine, which in turn produces toxins and poisons the organism.

Can I protect myself from nitrates or protect myself from their effects? First of all, it is worthwhile to know where the "enemy" is and, if possible, bypass it.

  • Most of all nitrates in the skin of vegetables and fruits.

  • Undischarged fruits are also richer in nitrates.

  • They are contained in stems. Near the root. Therefore, using celery, dill, etc., it is better to use leaves. The same applies to white cabbage, in the root of which they accumulate.

  • The core of the carrot has more nitrates than the surface part.

  • A large concentration of nitrates in the immature pulp of watermelon and melon near the crust, the upper adjacent to the peduncle of zucchini, eggplant, and squash.

  • In cucumbers, radishes, beets they are collected at both ends, which are best removed.

  • If the fruits are not stored in the refrigerator, the nitrates are converted into more dangerous nitrites.

  • After washing vegetables or fruits well and keeping them in water for a while, you will reduce the amount of harmful substances by 20%.

  • When cooking lettuces, it should be remembered that a harmful environment develops more rapidly in sour cream and mayonnaise, as well as with a constant temperature change. So it is better to eat everything freshly prepared.

  • Doing pickles, conservation and pickling, you need to eat all this only after 15 days, since in the initial period the greatest amount of nitrates is allocated.

Using these guidelines, you canProtect yourself from the harmful environment a little. Do not forget that too active struggle with these substances can remove vitamins from food. Everything should be approached reasonably and the result will justify itself.

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