Turn: composition, benefits and properties, application in medicine
The fruit of a thorn is rounded odnokostyanki. Outwardly, they are like the fruit of a horse. They reach 12 mm in diameter and have a gray waxy touch on their surface.
The wild thistle grows in Asia Minor, WesternEurope, the Mediterranean, the European part of Russia, Western Siberia, and also in the Caucasus. It occurs mainly on forest edges, along roads, along ravines and banks of rivers.
Collecting and preparing the turn
Blackthorn refers to medicinal plants. Its parts are collected for medical purposes. The flowers, leaves, fruits, upper layer of the bark, roots are subject to collection.
The collection of thorn leaves begins after flowering. Flowers of this plant are harvested at the time when they are in buds. Shoots used as medicinal raw materials must be young, they are prepared in the period May-June, dried in the wind, in the shade, in the open air or in a well-ventilated room. The thorny roots are excavated in the autumn, pruned before the flowering of the tree in the spring. The roots of the plant, like the bark, are first well-bred in the open air, then dried in dryers or ovens. Fruits are harvested as they mature. It is recommended that you do this after the first freezing.
Note that the roots and bark of thorns are stored for more than 3 years, and flowers, fruits, leaves - about a year.
Healing composition of the turn
The calorie content of this plant is estimated at 43.9 kcalPer 100 g of fruit. The berries contain such sugars as fructose and glucose. They are also rich in cellulose, organic acids, steroids, pectin, triterpenoids, nitrogen-containing compounds, group B vitamins, vitamin E and C, carotene, coumarins, tannins, higher alcohols, flavonoids, catechins, fatty oil.
The leaves of bramble also contain a largeVitamins C and E, flavonoids, phenol carboxylic acids, anthocyanins. In the roots there are tannic and coloring compounds. With the seeds should be careful, they contain a toxic glycoside, which secrete hydrocyanic acid.
Useful properties and its use in folk medicine
Turn is used in the treatment of stomach diseases,Intestines, kidney and liver diseases. Use the thorn also for metabolic disorders, neuralgia, beriberi. The plant has sweatshops and antipyretic properties. Medicinal products made on the basis of thorns are characterized by astringent, diuretic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, laxative and expectorant action. They are used to relax the smooth muscles of internal organs, as well as to reduce the permeability of blood vessels.
Berry berries are used in the treatment of dysentery, toxic infections, nonspecific colitis and food poisoning.
It is revealed that the juice squeezed from the berries of the turn,Has antibacterial action and is highly effective in the treatment of lambliasis and other diseases caused by the multiplication of protozoa in the human body. They are applied in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, as well as in skin diseases. In the latter case, the juice is applied to the affected areas of the skin in the form of lotions and compresses.
Blossom flowers have a beneficial effectOn metabolic processes in the body. They are also used in the treatment of skin diseases associated with metabolic disorders. In addition, the flowers of thorns have a mild laxative effect, they stimulate the intestinal peristalsis. In hypertensive disease, the infusion from the flowers of the thistle is widely used, since it has sweaty imio-mediated effects. It was found that the decoction of the flowers of this plant reduces the permeability of blood vessels, has an anti-inflammatory effect. In this regard, floral otvarrekreduendo accept adenoma prostate, dyspnea, neuralgia, the violation of the exchange of substances, nausea. In addition, it is used as an expectorant and swine fever. Decoction of flowers is useful for constipation and liver disease, purulent diseases of the skin, furunculosis.
Leaves of thorns have a good diuretic andLaxative effect, they are used in the treatment of chronic constipation. Infusion of leaves is used for rinsing with inflammation of the oral cavity. Decoction of thorn leaves is prescribed for chronic constipation, nephritis, cystitis and dermatological diseases. Leaf brewing, prepared with the addition of vinegar, is an excellent means of curing ulcers and old purulent wounds. Infusion on the leaves and flowers of thorn is prescribed for inflammatory processes in the bladder and kidneys, with dermatoses. Tea tea made from flowers and leaves has a laxative effect and is able to purify blood. It is prescribed for coughing, delay of urination, stomach diseases, prolonged menstruation, with dropsy of urolithiasis, with skin rashes in the child.
The juice, pressed from the thorny berries, is used forStop nasal bleeding, to rinse your throat and mouth, it helps to remove the inflammation of the gums of the inoe. In the fight against infectious diseases, thorn wine is also used.
Roots, bark and young wood of blackthornHave antipyretic and diaphoretic effect. Decoction from the bark is effective against malaria and diarrhea, with high body temperature. Decoction is prescribed in erysipelas, as well as with whites as a solution for syringing. Erysipelas of the skin also heal the upper layer of the bark of a thorn, applying as a lotion in a fresh form or compresses the broth.