Vertical birth: for and against
In our country, in most casesVertical births are discussed only in theory, and few women decide on such a traditional way for our culture and medicine to solve the burden.
Doctors who have many years of practice in maternity homes,Believe that the birth in the supine position is unnatural for both the mother and the baby. This is not surprising, because it is in this position that a woman can not practically move and help the child to be born.
History of vertical childbirth
In historical documents, specialists find out that vertical childbirth was the most common thing, and giving birth in the lying position began no more than 2-3 centuries ago.
For example, in Russia the birth took place inSpecially prepared for this purpose, the bath, which was previously heated hot. In conjunction with the woman in the room, there was a midwife who did not allow to lie down even for a few minutes: on the contrary, the woman was forced to walk, which prevented the child from advancing faster to the exit.
In Chinese chronicles, too,That in this ancient country, which has developed medicine, it was customary to sit in saddlebags. Even further went the inhabitants of medieval Europe, which, as one of the mandatory items included in the dowry of the bride, was a special stool with a hole, intended for delivery.
It is believed that the fashion for horizontal childbirthArose in the period of rapid development of obstetrics - it is in this position that it is easiest to conduct medical manipulations. There is also a less traditional version, according to which the famous Louis XIV happily spent time in the room of the woman in childbirth, the woman's avertical position did not allow to observe the process of the appearance of a new person.
How vertical childbirth occurs today
In modern clinics, practicing verticalChildbirth, in the first phase of childbirth the woman is not limited in movement, and therefore the longest and most painful period is transferred much more easily. So, the mother is able to move around the room, sit on a chair, bed, fitbole, lie on the bed, take a shower, and if there is a technical possibility, even take a bath or swim in a special pool. This practice allows you to choose the most comfortable position for yourself, reduce pain, thanks to which fewer painkiller medications are introduced, which can harm both the health of the mother and the baby who was not yet born.
The key stage of birth in an upright positionCan occur in one of the following poses: the woman in bed is kneeling, on the cortex is located on a special stool with a hole in the middle. The woman can choose the most comfortable position.
As for doctors, they recommendTo give birth, standing in the knees in a slightly tilted forward posture. If the woman in labor has a more comfortable position, then the woman should face the doctors and midwives.
If deliveries go without complications, physicians only observe the process, and if necessary will be able to shift the woman to the back and make the necessary manipulations.
The detachment and birth of the placenta, that is, the final etoprodov, also passes in an upright position, and the newly-born baby can be held by the woman.
Advantages of vertical delivery
Doctors recognize that vertical births have a lot of advantages, namely:
Significantly reduced pressure on the abdominal organsCavity, aorta. The latter is especially important, because in the case of insufficient supply of uterine oxygen, the child, first of all, suffers. In addition, with horizontally ragged blood can stagnate in the veins of the uterus and lower limbs.
- The head of the baby presses on the uterus and the bladder more or less evenly, because of which the birth canal opens faster, which allows you to shorten the term of childbirth.
- The baby comes out somewhat slower than with traditional horizontal births, which means that the risk of birth trauma and rupture is significantly reduced.
- The placenta separates faster, which decreases the probability of bleeding.
No less important is the psychological component: a woman can manage the process herself, and after the birth of the child immediately take it in his arms.