Pregnancy: bacterial vaginosis
Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis
Fifty percent of women have this infectiousThe disease does not cause any symptoms. If there are symptoms, the woman notices white or gray discharge from the vagina, which have an unpleasant smell, sometimes this smell resembles the smell of fish. The smell, as a rule, amplifies after the sexual certificate or act, as with excretions semen also is mixed. In addition, a woman can feel a burning sensation in the genital area during urination, although this is a fairly rare phenomenon.
When these symptoms appear, a woman needsContact a specialist. The doctor will prescribe a test: taking a smear to check for bacterial vaginosis or any other infection, and by its results will prescribe appropriate treatment.
The causes of bacterial vaginosis
- Systemic or topical antibiotic treatment;
- Decrease in the protective function of the body (immunity);
- Malformations of the genital organs;
- Endocrine diseases, as a rule, diabetes mellitus;
- Anemia of various origin;
- Therapy with the use of cytostatic and hormonal drugs;
- Non-observance of rules of personal hygiene.
The hypothesis that bacterial vaginosis is transmitted from one partner to another during sexual contact has not been clinically confirmed and unproven.
Influence of bacterial vaginosis on the course of pregnancy
If a woman has developed during pregnancyBacterial vaginosis, the probability of uterine infection, the birth of a child with low weight, premature birth, too early rupture of membranes increases.
Some studies have shown that there is a link between disease and miscarriage that occurs in the second trimester.
However, the link between complications of pregnancyInfection is not entirely clear. Scientists have not yet figured out why only some women who have bacterial vaginosis have premature births. It is also not entirely clear whether the infectious disease causes an early rupture of membranes. Perhaps those women who are predisposed to the above complications, also have a predisposition to the development of bacterial vaginosis. Nevertheless, some women with bacterial candidiasis had a normal baby, without complications. In addition, in fifty percent of such cases, the disease itself passed.
If a woman develops this infectious disease, her body becomes vulnerable to the following infections that are transmitted through sexual contact:
In women who are not in a position, withThe presence of bacterial vaginosis increases the likelihood of developing a foci of inflammation in the pelvic organs, as well as the appearance of infections after gynecological operations. During pregnancy, there is also the possibility of inflammation, but this probability is significantly less.
Therapy of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy
Specialists prescribe antibiotics, which can be taken during this period. Treatment partner is not required, what distinguishes this infection from others.
It is very important to take all the prescribed medications,Even with the disappearance of symptoms. Most often, treatment helps, but in thirty women out of a hundred the disease recurs again within a few months. Antibiotics kill "bad" bacteria, but they can not promote the growth of "good" bacteria.