How does antibiotics affect pregnancy?
During this period, the immune system of the expectant motherSignificantly weakened, and the load on other systems and organs also increases. During this period, the future mother becomes much more vulnerable to infections and chronic diseases, so you have to resort to treatment with various drugs. In many cases, with various inflammatory processes in the body (pyelonephritis, tonsillitis, sinusitis), antibiotics are prescribed. Therefore, a very important question arises: how does the intake of antibiotics affect pregnancy, because everything that a woman uses directly affects the fetus within her.
Antibiotics - drugs, directed to a cureDiseases, provoked by all sorts of microorganisms. Unfortunately, taking antibiotics is not always safe during pregnancy. After all, in the body, in addition to the fact that the drug has its direct, antibacterial effect, it can cause more allergic reactions or side effects: constipation, nausea, headache.
Years of research indicate thatAntibiotics do not in any way affect the genetic apparatus, but nevertheless undesirable consequences are possible. Scientists of Europe and America in their studies compared the effect of different drugs on the formation of the fetus. According to the results of the research, the safest groups of penicillins (ampicillin, amoxicillin, etc.), but penicillin became the most optimal of that group. Most of the cephalosporins (cefotaxime, cefazolinum and others), despite the fact that they are early in pregnancy, have a toxic effect on the fetus, yet they are recommended for taking with life-threatening diseases - sepsis, severe forms of pneumonia, urinary infections. In addition, scientists argue that after the first trimester, the intake of these antibiotics for pregnancy does not affect. Also a number of other antibacterial drugs are relatively safe for pregnant women. The vessel includes a group of macrolides, their representatives azithromycin, erythromycin. These antibiotics are a medicament in most infectious diseases, so it is advisable to limit them only. From other antibacterial drugs, during pregnancy it is better to abstain. The remaining classes of antibiotics basically have a narrow spectrum of action, so they are used to neutralize bacteria of one species, and are attributed to characteristic diseases (severe intestinal infections, tuberculosis and other life-threatening infections). The intake of antibiotics has an extremely negative effect on pregnancy. Therefore, for no good reason, do not use such drugs as aminoglycosides (amikacin, gentamitazin and alnologic), they affect a strong toxic effect on the auditory nerve of the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Use of sulfonamides.
The use of sulfonamides in the early stagesPregnancy causes a variety of malformations and developmental anomalies, leading to the defeat of the circulatory system. The use of tetracyclines (doxycycline, tetracycline) leads to irreversible destruction of tooth enamel, has a toxic effect on the liver, contributes to the fetal malformations.
Until recently, in our hospitalsPregnant women were actively prescribed ciprofloxacin. But for today reception of these antibiotics is categorically forbidden, because the drug causes irreparable defects of bone tissue in the child.
Rules for taking tablets.
So, sort of sorted out a little, what antibacterial drugs can be taken during pregnancy. But you still need to remind future moms, the main rules for taking antibiotics. So:
1. In the first 5 months of pregnancy, if there is no acute need for it, antibiotics should be taken very carefully, because it is during this period that the construction of all vital organs and tissues of the fetus takes place. In the event that the reception of antibacterial drugs is inevitable, you can do this only under close supervision of the treating doctor!
2. It is very important to take the full course of treatment and the prescribed dosage, in no case can you change it yourself.
3. Before you are prescribed a course of treatment with antibacterial drugs, tell your doctor about all your past health problems, severe heredity, especially allergies!
4. In the event that during the reception of antibiotics there were any visible side effects or a feeling of discomfort, you should immediately stop taking the prescribed medication and consult your doctor.
Unfortunately, many women are forced to leaveTake antibiotics, due to chronic diseases. It can be a course or constant reception of a certain drug. During pregnancy, unless of course this is permissible, it is better not to resort to the use of antibacterial drugs, in order to treat chronic diseases. Taking antibiotics "in order to prevent exacerbation" is strictly prohibited. In many cases, this self-treatment does not bring effectiveness and promotes the spread of infections, the causative agents of which have lost the necessary reaction to permanent antibacterial agents.
In situations where treatment is needed, it is better to give preference to drugs that are used longer than others without the indicated side effects.
But most importantly, remember that when self-medication,An antibacterial drug is able to cause a baby during the newborn period a severe allergic reaction (even if it was never felt by his mother). Before taking any antibiotics, you should definitely consult your doctor, because only the doctor will be able to determine the need for an antibiotic. Also, according to the results of the survey, he will be able to pick up the necessary preparation and determine the period of his admission.