Cytomegalovirus infection and pregnancy
In fact, cytomegalovirus infection andPregnancy is a concept that goes alongside. All over the world, pregnant women are affected by cytomegalovirus more often. According to different data, the incidence of pregnant women is between 80 and 100%. In 30-60% of children, the first symptoms with cytomegalovirus infection appear already in the first year of life. Infected with this virus by contact from a sick person, and the disease itself often occurs in acute or asymptomatic form.
Cytomegalovirus infection if andIs found, then practically in all liquid media of the human body. It turns out that it is easy to get infected by airborne way, by unprotected sex, intrauterine infection of the fetus and transmission of the virus to the newborn during labor or during breastfeeding are also possible. From this it follows that the risk of infection is maximum first in the first year of life of the child, and then at the age of the onset of sexual activity.
Cytomegalovirus is sometimes lifelong inHuman body, but all signs of the disease, as a rule, absent. A person can theoretically spread the virus all this time and be a source of infection. With a decrease in immunity, a sharp development of infection is possible.
Infection and pregnancy
Clinical manifestation of cytomegalovirusNonspecific. The disease is sometimes accompanied by fever, lymph nodes start to increase, muscles aches, weakness. Doctors often in this case put, according to the symptoms, the diagnosis of ARI.
However, if treatment is not started, patients mayDevelop pneumonia (the lungs begin to inflame), stomach and bowel ulcer, the situation can be complicated by hepatitis and myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle). In many cases, a true diagnosis can not be established.
Cytomegalovirus infection is a particularDanger during pregnancy. This is today the main reason why women are at risk of abortion, as well as premature births. For the fetus, such an infection is dangerous with severe developmental defects: the brain, eyes, often ends with intrauterine fetal death.
The most unpredictable and difficult outcome is possible,If a woman becomes infected with cytomegalovirus directly during pregnancy, when a woman does not have immunity to it. In such cases, there is a so-called "cytomegalovirus pregnancy", during which the virus quickly penetrates directly to the fetus. If the infection occurred long before pregnancy, then the body has already formed a number of protective antibodies against the virus by the time of pregnancy, which significantly reduces the risk for the fetus.
Congenital infection - symptoms
During the detection of the virus itself in the blood orSmears pregnant significantly increases the risk of intrauterine infection. This indicates that the active process has started. Here are typical symptoms of congenital viral infection in newborns:
- delay in development, which started during fetal development;
- enlarged liver and spleen;
- the presence of a rash;
- a number of disorders in the work of the heart and nervous system.
A pre-term child is usually protected fromInfection. In normal pregnancy, the placenta is not permeable to cytomegalovirus infection, but sometimes the virus can enter the placenta and change it in such a way that it becomes porous and the virus easily penetrates to the fetus. At the end of pregnancy, protective antibodies from the mother's body are transmitted to the fetus, therefore, babies born on time are largely protected from the effects of infection.
You can diagnose cytomegalovirus by passingAn ordinary blood test, as well as urine, smears, in which the virus itself is easily detected. In the blood, antibodies to it are more often determined. There is still no special treatment for cytomegalovirus infection. For treatment use a number of drugs that increase immunity.