Useful properties of turnip
Turnip (Brassica rapa L. ) Is a herbaceous two-year-old plant from the family of cruciferous or cabbage. About 4,000 years ago turnip was cultivated and since then she liked everything steamed, boiled, fried with butter, with kvass, or fresh from a garden. For example, in Russia there was always a turnip on the tables, as it was the main food product, while in Russia at the time of Catherine II They did not bring any potatoes.
Turnip for a long time in Russia and in EuropeWas the most affordable vegetable, especially in winter. "Rennitsa" was considered the most common ancient soup prepared from turnips and malt. There was a turnip from Siberia and is considered a close relative of cabbage. In the world there are many varieties of this plant, which differ from each other in color, shape and size of root crops.
Turnip can be called a "golden" vegetable and all due to the fact that it contains and combines different vitamins and minerals.
Chemical composition of turnip.
Turnip contains carbohydrates, vitamins,Microelements, glucoraphanin is a rare component that is a vegetable "precursor" of sulforaphane and which has the strongest anti-diabetic and anti-cancer properties.
And although glucoraphanin is found in many speciesCabbage, but turnip, cauliflower, broccoli and kohlrabi it is contained in a biologically significant amount. The turnip includes vitamins A, C, PP, B1, B5, B2, potassium, carotene, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur, sodium, iron, iodine and manganese in small quantities.
The turnip of vitamin C contains twice as much as inOranges, lemons and cabbage. But they are the champions in terms of the amount of ascorbic acid. Phosphorus in turnips is contained more than in radish and radish. Turnip contains mineral salts, which are necessary for the human body, and which give it medicinal properties.
For example, sulfur salts are disinfected and purifiedBlood, splitting stones in the bladder and kidneys. In addition, the salt of sulfur for skin diseases, various infections and bronchitis has a beneficial effect.
The turnip includes magnesium and therefore itIt is used as a preventive measure against cancer. It is worth considering and the fact that magnesium is able to help bone tissues accumulate calcium, and this in turn develops and strengthens the skeleton, which is very important for the developing organism of a teenager. This fact is important for older people, as they begin to weaken bones, which means that the risk of developing osteoporosis increases.
The medicinal properties of turnip are widely used inTraditional medicine for the prevention and treatment of a number of diseases. In folk medicine, turnips have been used since ancient times. And this is understandable, because it is able to clean and improve the intestines and stomach. Turnip has diuretic and antiseptic properties. People who are obese, and also with diabetes are encouraged to eat turnip meals. Turnip low-calorie, in addition, it helps to lose excess kilograms. Turnip advise to use and for diseases of the gallbladder and liver. The use of turnip stimulates the work of the gastrointestinal tract. Also, there are properties in turnip that normalize the metabolism.
Freshly squeezed turnip juice is used asDiuretic and expectorant. Used turnip and for the prevention of hypovitaminosis and beriberi, and as a remedy is used for spastic colitis, hypoacid gastritis.