Therapeutic properties of sage
Sage - shrub that reaches the height30-60 cm, belongs to the family of coarse-grained. It has greenish-gray stems, at the bottom they are woody, on top - grassy. The leaves are opposite in relation to each other. Blossoms sage from the end of June and the whole of July. Flowers are small violet-red, white or pink. Fruits appear in August (September), they also have a pleasant strong flavor.
Sage grows on the mountain slopes inThe Mediterranean region. In Russia, sage is grown as a medicinal plant. For cultivation, special plantations are used in the southern part of our country, in the middle zone it is grown in kitchen gardens, flower beds and beds. Sage is also grown in Moldova and in the south of Ukraine.
As a medicine usedLeaves of sage. They contain a huge amount of useful substances used in medicine (salvin, cineole, essential oil, alkaloids, resins, tannins, phytoncides, bitter and various acids).
The phytoncides that make up the sage kill and inhibit the growth of fungal and protozoan bacteria. Phytoncides have a disastrous effect on the tubercle bacillus.
Essential oil is rich in volatile aromatic substances and has an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect. Also, essential oil improves the secretion of the glands (digestive).
Salvin is used for periodontal diseases and inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx, as it has an astringent and anti-inflammatory effect.
The acid that is contained in the sage is similar toNatural hormones, it helps inhibit inflammation. Resins have an antimicrobial effect and have a pleasant smell, and cineole enhances the antiseptic properties of sage. Bitterness in the composition of sage increases appetite, which improves the secretion of digestive glands. Tanning substances anesthetize, have astringent, bactericidal, vasoconstrictive effect, they reduce the secretion of mucus.
The restriction in the application of sage isContained in it thujone. He has a psychotropic effect, adversely affects the brain. Also thujone is found in wormwood, which is often used for the preparation of absinthe - alcohol, banned in many countries.
Nowadays, salvia is very popular - one ofKinds of sage. It grows in Mexico. Salvia has an action similar to that of marijuana, but weaker. The ancient Maya considered this plant sacred, as it was used to immerse consciousness in a special state. The use of this plant is unsafe.
This medicinal plant is used inMedicine as an external agent, as it has a strong disinfectant and anti-inflammatory effect. Sage is used in the form of infusions for gargling with ARVI, sore throat, stomatitis. Also, sage is used for enemas, douches and baths. Infusion is used for purulent wounds, ulcers, as well as hair loss.
In folk medicine, sage is used as aMeans, normalizing the work of the gastrointestinal tract, the activity of the sex glands. Sage is used for obesity, as well as aging as a means of rejuvenating the skin.
And sage is used as a means to prevent milk production in women breastfeeding, and as a means of suppressing the activity of the sebaceous glands.
Sage is contraindicated in pregnant women and withAcute nephritis. Sage intake should not last more than three months, as it irritates the mucous membrane and adversely affects the nervous system.
The recipe for cooking is infusion of sage.
A tablespoon of dried sage leaves are poured over with boiling water (a glass) and insisted for 20 minutes. After the infusion, they cool, filter and rinse their throats.
Sage - an excellent tool for the prevention of inflammatory diseases, but its use should be only externally. Application of sage inside is not allowed by official medicine.