Symptoms and proper nutrition with duodenal ulcer.
Symptoms of duodenal ulcer.
The most common ulcer occurs in older childrenAge. The cause of the appearance of this disease may be a violation of nutrition (irregular, unbalanced food, fast food, carbonated water), features of the functioning and structure of the gastrointestinal tract, stressful situations, and a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori.
There is a disease of hungry, nocturnal pains inStomach, vomiting, belching. There may also be complications in the form of bleeding, motor movements - refluxes (swallowing food in the opposite direction), and stenosis (a decrease in the lumen of the gut).
In detecting and exacerbating bowel ulcers, a specialist appoints a diet that qualifies for the complexity of the condition.
Eating with an ulcer.
Diet 1a, The most rigid. All products are wiped, liquid or semi-liquid, omelets, soft-boiled eggs, soups and cereals. Eating 6-8 times a day. If the patient's condition improves, the doctor prescribes the following diet.
Diet 1b. In the diet add cottage cheese, mashed potatoes, and semi-liquid dishes from chicken mince.
Finally, Diet 1. It is the longest, it is assigned not only forExacerbation of ulcers of the intestine, but is carried out as a prophylaxis for all patients suffering from ulcers. Diet 1 is prescribed for a period of three months to a year. Unlike the first two, it is more diverse. To the approved products of the first two diets are added boiled chicken, steamed chicken cutlets, beef stroganoff from boiled meat, soup with sour cream and cabbage, dried white bread.
Diet with an ulcer complicated by stenosis.
Stenosis manifests itself by constant vomiting. This is due to the fact that a large amount of food is delayed in the stomach due to the narrowing of the lumen of the duodenum (a scar is formed in the place of the ulcer, which, unlike muscle tissue, does not stretch).
With this complication, the diet is stiff. Mechanical and chemical effects restore the water and vitamin balance, which was lost as a result of vomiting. In the diet of the patient is introduced a high-calorie food with the content of milk proteins, animal proteins, carbohydrates, fruit juices, and food enriched with vitamins and minerals.
Also in the diet there are solid foods,Subjected to strong culinary processing. Well-ground meat several times, from which the souffle and meatballs are prepared, soft-boiled eggs or in the form of an omelette. As a dessert - puddings, jellies, kissels. To relax the bowels appoint no-shpa or papaverine, which helps the better passage of food. After improving the condition and reducing stenosis, the patient is switched to diet 1a.
Proper nutrition with bowel ulcers with bleeding.
In the first twelve hours after bleedingA diet is prescribed, which includes products that reduce the work of the intestine and stomach muscles, narrowing the blood vessels. This diet is taken to stop bleeding. It includes chilled cream, butter, milk. If the exacerbation is complicated by vomiting, then the food is replaced with intravenous for the intake of necessary vitamins and nutrients in the body.
In the first days after stopping bleedingIt is allowed to eat milk, butter, milk porridges (boiled on water and diluted with milk), a small amount of dried white bread, mashed potatoes in milk, fresh fruit juices diluted with water. The diet is always enriched with vitamins K and C to improve blood clotting and reduce the permeability of blood vessels. After the patient's condition improves, the diet is changed to 1a.
With proper treatment and proper nutrition, in most cases it is possible to avoid surgery and reduce the risk of repeated complications.