Hypertensive disease and its treatment at different stages
Hypertensive disease and its treatment at differentStages - a topic that has been exciting for doctors for many years. There are many modern medicines prescribed by cardiologists with increased arterial pressure-vasodilators, hypotensive, diuretics. In numerous cardiological clinics, heart and vascular diseases are studied, but the number of hypertensive patients increases every year.
Do not confuse with hypertension
Increased blood pressure is determined by20-30% of people. Among them, patients with true hypertension and those with symptomatic arterial hypertension who can develop due to kidney disease, endocrine diseases, functional disorders of the central nervous system, menopausal syndrome in women, etc. are identified. The causes of true hypertension can be heredity, nervous Overexertion, human exposure to a wide variety of adverse factors, obesity, atherosclerosis of the brain, heart and aorta vessels.
Stages of hypertension
Hypertension begins, as a rule,After 30-40 years and gradually progresses. The development of the disease always differs in pace. There is a slowly progressing course of the disease - the so-called benign, and rapidly progressing - malignant course.
The slow development of the disease goes through three stages:
I stage (initial, easy) Characterized by slight upsurgeBlood pressure - at the level of 160-180 / 95-105 mm Hg. Art. In general, arterial pressure is unstable, when the patient rests, it gradually normalizes, but the disease, as a rule, already exists and under adverse conditions, the increased pressure returns again. In some patients at this stage, hypertension is generally not felt. Others are worried about headaches (mainly in the occipital region), dizziness, noise in the head, insomnia, a decrease in mental and physical performance. These symptoms tend to appear later in the evening or towards the night. At this stage, the disease and its treatment do not cause problems. A good therapeutic effect is obtained from medicinal plants.
II stage (medium severity) Is characterized by higher and more stableFigures of blood pressure. It fluctuates at the level of 180-200 / 105-115 mm Hg. Art. There are complaints of headache, dizziness, pain in the heart. This stage is characterized by hypertensive crises. There are changes in the electrocardiogram, eye day, in the kidneys. Without drug treatment, the pressure is not normalized. Essential aid is provided by medicinal plants.
III stage (severe) Characterized by a steady increase in blood pressurePressure associated with the progression of atherosclerosis both in the cerebral vessels, and in the vessels of the heart and in the aorta. In rest, the blood pressure is 200-230 / 115-130 mm Hg. Art. The clinical picture is determined by the defeat of the heart (angina attacks and arrhythmias occur, acute myocardial infarction may develop), pathology in the cerebral vessels (acute cerebrovascular accident may occur-stroke), changes in the fundus, kidney diseases. Without special medication, spontaneously, the pressure is not normalized.
Treatment should be comprehensive!
As you know, timely and correctly selected complex treatment at different stages can stop the progression of hypertensive disease.
Stage I disease and treatment does not representSpecial difficulties and includes the following measures: the regime of work and rest, weight loss, exercise therapy, sanatorium treatment, the active use of collections of medicinal plants: cardiological, hypotensive, diuretic and vasodilating.
At the II and III stages, along with the aboveActivities, it is necessary to actively prescribe medications. Periodical inpatient examination and treatment is required. Especially patients with severe disease. Patients with hypertension II and III stage should be under constant supervision of the treating cardiologist.
How to help yourself
1. Proper nutrition
For the prevention of hypertension should beAdhere to a diet that limits cholesterol, animal fats, excess carbohydrates, long-term products containing preservatives. It is necessary to sharply limit the consumption of table salt. If possible, eat foods slightly salty.
The most important nutrient thatIs able to push the emergence of hypertensive disease and concomitant atherosclerosis of the vessels of the brain and heart, is cellulose. Its value lies in the fact that fiber absorbs cholesterol and other harmful substances. Since fiber is not digested in the stomach and leaves the body, then along with it, it "takes" most of the substances unnecessary to the body. The best sources of fiber are fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as porridges.
2. Dosed loads
It must be remembered that hypertension isA disease in which the volume of movements and loads should be dosed, taking into account the stage of the disease, age, concomitant diseases. And the main thing is not to overdo it! Do not give yourself excessive loads. One will be able to charge, and the other person needs daily walks in the fresh air and active physical exercises. At the end of physical exertion, a person should feel an easy, pleasant fatigue. It is necessary to control your pulse and blood pressure. Do not forget that the movement is the prevention of the development of hypertension!