Thrush: symptoms, treatment during pregnancy
In medical reference books thrush is calledCandidiasis. The disease is caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida, which, as a result of their vital activity, release a substance that in appearance resembles liquid curd (hence the common name "thrush"). Thrush is a fungal disease of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity and genital organs. Pregnant women are at risk for its development. Why is this happening? On the one hand, pregnancy is a natural process, but on the other - it is a strong stress for the body, albeit positive. In the period of waiting for the child, there is an active restructuring of all organs and systems - changes occur continuously for nine months and even after the birth of the baby. Pathogenic microorganisms are easier to penetrate into the body at this time, as the hormonal background, the habitual rhythm of life and, consequently, the protective forces decrease. The causes of thrush during pregnancy are many. Conditionally they are divided into three groups. Exogenous - unfavorable environmental factors that contribute to the penetration of the fungus into the body: high humidity, temperature instability, harmful environmental conditions. Particular mention should be made of the temperature conditions at which an increased sweating occurs: because of this, the acidity of the skin changes, and it is less capable of destroying bacteria.
Endogenous factors are responsible for the internalA condition of an organism. During pregnancy, this change in immunity, hormonal changes, a general decrease in the body's resistance. Virulent factors are malicious attacks of the fungus itself, more effective against the background of pregnancy. The chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus, ulcerative colitis, metabolic diseases, dysbacteriosis), chronic infectious processes (foci of internal inflammations, carious teeth), beriberi, vegetative dystonia with increased sweating contribute to the development of thrush. In recent years, cases of candidiasis have become more frequent due to the widespread use of antibiotics, cytostatics and hormones. The lesion can be observed not only on the mucous membranes, but also affect the internal organs - this is the so-called systemic candidiasis.
SYMPTOMS OF THE DAIRY WHILE PREGNANCY
Symptoms of thrush are itching and burning inAreas of the external genitalia and vagina and white curdled discharge without odor. To confirm the preliminary diagnosis, based on complaints and examination by a gynecologist, a smear is made on the slide, then the vaginal discharge is sown and examined under a microscope. The procedure for taking the analysis is painless, it is carried out in the district bacteriological laboratories or medical centers: it is only necessary to take a referral from the district gynecologist or anonymously undergo an examination in any paid outpatient clinic.
TREATMENT FOR PREGNANCY
If the diagnosis is confirmed, the disease is neededIt is necessary to treat. The doctor usually tries to establish the cause that caused the disease, and appoints the appropriate medication. The course of treatment must pass both partners (candidiasis is transmitted and sexually): if the disease is in one, the chance of developing a thrush in another is high. Since thrush often affects not only the mucous membranes, but also deeper layers, the treatment is long-term - the main course lasts up to three weeks. If the measures were taken correctly, the probability of relapse of an unpleasant disease is excluded. Not limited to medicinal methods of fighting infection, immunity should be strengthened in various ways: zakalivanie, exercise, proper nutrition, rich in vitamins, the use of sour-milk products that contribute to the development of the protective flora of the body. If there are no contraindications, you can take baths with herbal remedies: they have a mild effect, give fewer side effects, and in combination with medications lead to a very good result. A woman who was diagnosed with thrush, after 14-20 days after delivery, should undergo a control examination for yeast-like fungi. And if pregnancy is only planned, it is advisable to treat the thrush before its onset and strengthen its body. During the waiting period of the child, it is impossible to use the entire spectrum of drugs for effective treatment of thrush, symptoms - treatment during pregnancy in general may be impossible. Prepare this in advance, preparing to become a mother.