Headaches, migraine and neuralgia
In most cases, a person drowns the headache with a pill, and the doctor with this problem is in very rare cases.
Most often the headache is not a sign ofSome serious illness, although it causes a lot of inconvenience. But still, with many diseases, one of the symptoms is a headache, so do not be completely indifferent to this problem.
Headaches and migraines May occur in relatively healthy people,For example, with eye, nose, ear, sinus, throat, teeth, neck, etc. diseases. Less often, a headache can be a sign of a serious illness, for example, a stroke, head trauma, an aneurysm, a nervous system infection, a tumor, a hematoma, a bleeding, tuberculosis and many other things.
Violation of blood pressure, various SARS, influenza can also cause headaches. This problem is a companion and infectious diseases that occur with a high fever.
With the following symptoms, you should be alerted, see a doctor and get tested:
- very frequent headaches;
- mild headaches became severe, awakening from pain occurs;
- headaches are accompanied by other different symptoms.
In general, the headache is one of the most complex issues of modern medicine due to the fact that there are a lot of reasons why this problem may arise.
Temporary headache may occur due toThe wrong routine of the day and life in general. It can be caused by smoking, alcohol, stress, excessive consumption of coffee or tea, disturbance of sleep and rest, overwork, hypothermia, or, conversely, prolonged exposure to the sun or in a stuffy environment and many other things, including individual reasons that for everyone their. Quite often the headache appears after physical or psychoemotional stress. External factors are also able to influence well-being. So the headache can cause unpleasant smells (for example, paints, carbon monoxide), sharp sounds, bright light and much more.
If the pain is frequent, strong and unexpected, do not wait, and go to the doctor to not miss a possible serious illness, and in time to diagnose and cure it.
Headache, as already mentioned, may be a symptom of migraine. With migraine (Hemicrania), a person experiences a one-sidedPulsating pain, which can often give into the eye. The pain intensifies during movement and tension, it can be difficult even to speak. Also, the patient may have nausea, and sometimes vomiting.
Migraines can cause tingling, numbness,Weakness of the extremities, lead to poor eyesight. During an attack of a person's migraine, light and noise are irritating. These same symptoms are harbingers of an attack (aura), which can last from a few hours to several days. The frequency of seizures and their severity vary widely. In some people, a migraine attack begins without the aura preceding it.
After the first attack, migraine is hardDiagnose, because Misleading the fact that the headache is accompanied by nausea and vomiting. It is necessary to undergo all necessary examinations to exclude more serious diseases.
After diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe an individual treatment regimen, following which it is possible to achieve prevention and mitigation of migraine attacks.
It is also necessary to identify the factors provokingDevelopment of a migraine attack, and try to avoid them in every possible way. It can be stress, exercise, smoking, alcohol, inadequate sleep, overwork and so on. If you find out what exactly can trigger an attack in a particular person, then in the future it will be easier to eliminate this problem. In general, people suffering from migraine, should be less nervous and tense. Sometimes it's worth distracting and thinking about something pleasant, it will help relieve stress. It is necessary to try to perceive the surrounding negative more calmly. You can try such calming methods as yoga, meditation, breathing exercises and more.
Another problem that I would like to talk about is neuralgia.
The collective term "neuralgia" means several diseases that differ in the nature, etiology, and intensity of pain of any nerve.
The cause of this problem are the pathological processes of the nerve, surrounding organs and tissues, nerve plexuses, spine.
The only symptom of neuralgia is pain, which can be triggered by infection or hypothermia of the body. Pain in neuralgia can be of different nature.
Depending on the involved nerve, the disease is divided into the following types:
With neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve, pain occurs in theAreas of the forehead, cheeks, jaws during conversation, chewing, after excitement or hypothermia. Pain can vary in duration and intensity. During an attack of pain with neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve, strong salivation, lacrimation, a person may become pale or redden.
With occipital neuralgia pain of moderate strength extends from neck to neck.
With intercostal neuralgia, there is a shooting and burning pain. This type of disease is rarely found in its own form, and is usually a symptom of another disease.
However, trigeminal and occipital neuralgia, tooMay be symptoms of other, more serious diseases, so it is important to consult a doctor on time and undergo a test, otherwise the risk of development of dangerous processes and serious complications increases sharply.
To diagnose and prescribe a course of treatment shouldDoctor, tk. Often pain, characteristic of neuralgia, is a symptom of another comorbid illness. Therefore, do not engage in self-medication, and you should immediately contact a specialist for diagnosis and treatment.