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Treatment of viruses and infections in pregnancy

Rubella

This disease affects mainly children inAge from 5 to 15 years (usually rubella get sick before 7 years). The peak incidence falls on the spring. A future mother may become infected, for example, from an older child or his friends. The disease is easily transmitted by airborne droplets or by direct contact with saliva or secretions from the nose of the patient.

Symptoms: They are visible only 2-3 weeks after infection. There is general malaise, headache, muscle and joint pain, and conjunctivitis. After 2-5 days, there is a rash (behind the ears, then on the trunk and limbs). All this is accompanied by puffiness of the lymph nodes on the neck and in the nape of the neck.
If you were in contact with a sick rubella - howYou can see a doctor soon. Unfortunately, there are no effective drugs against the rubella virus, but there is such a thing as "passive prevention". In the absence of specific antibodies of immunoglobulin, unfortunately, there is no complete protection against infection in the fetus. You should also conduct tests to confirm the presence of the virus in the blood (preferably between the third and fourth weeks from the date of the onset of the first symptoms).

Than it is dangerous for the child: Unfortunately, this is very dangerous. Intrauterine infection can occur at any stage of pregnancy, but the risk is greatest until 17 weeks (after this period, it significantly decreases).
Rubella is dangerous, as the virus overcomesPlacenta and enters directly into the organs of the child, causing them harm. Do not worry about your child if you were sick with rubella in childhood or were vaccinated (this is the only way to prevent this disease.) In the world, such vaccinations are recommended at 15 months (vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella), then girls 13-14 and Women who do not have immune antibodies. If you want to be a mother and you have not been vaccinated and do not have antibodies in your blood - vaccinate at least three months before the planned pregnancy.

Herpes

This is not only a troublesome cosmetic defect,Visible to the naked eye. This severe disease produces two types of herpes simplex virus and genital herpes. The first is responsible for infections of the skin and mucous membranes of the upper body, and the second - for the defeat (targeting) of the genitals. When viruses enter the body, they remain in it constantly. They live in a latent state in the nervous system. To activate them, there is a deterioration in immunity, fever, excessive sun exposure or severe stress.

Symptoms: Usually, these are bubbles that dry out quickly andForm crusts on the lips. But herpes can also develop in the nasal mucosa, conjunctiva and the cornea (causing inflammation), as well as on the genitals. If you have been infected with herpes during pregnancy, do not forget to consult a doctor. Perhaps he will send you to the hospital for treatment. Visit the specialist's office if during the pregnancy the infection manifests again. The doctor will prescribe Acyclovir - an effective antiviral drug, permitted for use by pregnant women.

Than it is dangerous for the child: The herpes virus is very dangerous for the fetus. Infection in the future may even cause miscarriage or premature birth. The greatest risk exists when a woman has genital herpes shortly before birth. In this situation, doctors usually offer a cesarean section. Do not plan a pregnancy during an exacerbation of any infection, because recurrent herpes usually occurs when the body's resistance drops. Pregnancy temporarily weakens immunity - during illness it can become fatal for the child. After childbirth, care should be taken especially carefully for hygiene, do not touch scabs with hands and often wash hands. If you have herpes on your lips - do not kiss the baby! Also, you can not breast-feed during the acute course of the disease. Consult a doctor - he will tell you when you can start feeding.

Chickenpox

The chicken pox virus (chicken pox) belongs to theThe same group as the herpes virus and cytomegalovirus. As a rule, smallpox is ill in early childhood. For children, the virus is usually harmless, but an infection in an unborn child can cause serious malformations.

Symptoms: Chickenpox begins with a general fatigue and an increaseTemperature, then the torso, face, limbs, mucous membranes of the mouth and throat are covered with an itchy rash. At the same time, all the stages of the virus manifestation can be seen on the skin: first the papules, then the vesicles, pustules and crusts.

Than it is dangerous for the child: Chickenpox is very dangerous in the first halfPregnancy - your child may even have birth defects. In the second half of pregnancy, the risk decreases, but then the most dangerous stage again appears shortly before the birth and soon after. During this period, the manifestation of the smallpox virus can be not only fatal for the child, but in some cases for the mother herself.

If you have had contact with sick chickenpox -Consult a doctor. People who have had chickenpox are usually out of risk. If you have any doubts, just examine the blood for antibodies. If in your case it turned out that you do not have immunity, you will go through the course of the shingles immunoglobulin to reduce the risk of the virus escaping through the placenta. It is better to take it on the fourth day after contact with the patient. If you are pregnant and it comes to infection, the doctor will monitor the child's development through ultrasound. If you are planning to become pregnant, you must be vaccinated. Do this at least three months before conception.

Cytomegaly

The virus is transmitted through saliva, blood, sexual contact. Infection can have serious consequences if the virus infects an unborn child.

Symptoms : The disease can be asymptomatic orCause a long period of rest. Usually manifested in the form of temperature "jumps", fever, headache, sore throat, coughing and swollen lymph nodes on the neck. Cytomegaly is a dangerous virus, but fortunately infections during pregnancy are rare. Despite this, consult a doctor if you know that you have had contact with a patient. You can examine the blood and see if you have antibodies. But remember that their presence does not protect the child from infection - therefore, it is better to conduct such studies regularly. Wash your hands often during pregnancy. Avoid contact with urine and saliva of young children.

For the treatment of viruses and infections in pregnancyDoctors try to apply more sparing means. Sometimes this is ineffective and you have to take risks by prescribing stronger drugs. But you should know that the lack of treatment, in any case, is worse than taking potent remedies. Viruses and infections during pregnancy are dangerous and must be treated by all available means.

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