Caloric content of proteins, fats and carbohydrates
To the most caloric substances that come inOur body with food, include fats. When digesting with a digestive enzyme one gram of fat to the final products (water and carbon dioxide), approximately 9 kilocalories of energy are released. To foods that contain a large amount of fat, include all fatty meats and fish, fat, butter and vegetable oil.
Caloric content of carbohydrates is half as muchWith calories of fat and is approximately 4 kilocalories per gram of these substances. A large number of carbohydrates are found in various types of bread, pasta, various cereals (oat, buckwheat, rice, etc.), confectionery. One should also know that one hundred sugar is practically a pure carbohydrate, and the caloric content of one hundred grams of this product is almost 400 kilocalories.
The caloric content of proteins is approximately equal to the calorific valueCarbohydrates, that is, when digesting one gram of protein in the digestive tract, about 4 kilocalories will also be released. Products with high protein content include low-fat varieties of meat and fish, cottage cheese, milk, kefir, cheese, eggs, caviar, beans, peas, beans.
How should we use in ourDaily information about the caloric content of proteins, fats or carbohydrates? This information is important primarily for those who want to quickly get rid of excess body weight. The fact is that the caloric content of dishes (and hence the entire diet) most directly affects our weight. If a day we get the number of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, which in the amount of calories exceed the optimal for us indicator of the energy value of the diet, then excess calories will inevitably be stored in the form of fat deposits. As a consequence - the emergence of excess body weight, flabby figure, the disappearance of interest from the opposite sex ...
So, what should you do in this situation? First of all, you need to determine the level of caloric intake you need. This indicator will depend on many factors: your age, body weight, the characteristics of professional activity, the level of physical activity in your spare time. The best option is, of course, to get advice from a specialist (a dietitian). It is believed that the caloricity of all proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the daily menu of an adult person in the sum should be approximately 3000 kilocalories (but, again, this is a highly individual indicator).
If you are satisfied with your current weight, then youJust have to ensure that the caloric content of your diet does not exceed this figure. In this case, all the calories that will be released in your body due to the breakdown of proteins, fats and carbohydrates of food, will be completely spent to ensure physiological processes. And the excess fatty deposits will simply be nowhere to take.
But if you already have some excessBody weight and therefore want to lose weight a little, then you can deliberately slightly reduce the calorie intake, ie. To make it equal not 3000 kcal, but, say, 2900. In this case, in order to make up for the lack of 100 calories, our body will have to split a small number of already existing fat in its stock daily, and the mass of your body will gradually decrease.
But remember that in no case shouldTo reduce the caloric content of the diet by reducing the protein content in it (they must receive at least 90-100 grams per day). But the amount of carbohydrates and fats consumed can be reduced slightly without much concern for your health (although you should not completely exclude them from the diet).
Thus, knowing the information about caloriesThe main components of nutrition, which include proteins, fats and carbohydrates, you can competently plan your diet and achieve the desired state of your figure.