Oral care products
Compositions of oral care productsDifferent, but must be neutral with respect to the tooth enamel, oral mucosa. Treatment and prophylactic, as well as hygienic and oral care products should be well refreshed, remove all kinds of smells, clean the surface of teeth, gums and tongue, and even polish in some cases, but the abrasive and erasing effect should be minimized.
One specially designed for hygieneOral cavity of medicinal and preventive agents is toothpaste, which is also intended for the treatment of various diseases and their prevention.
Toothpastes mainly consist of abrasive,Gel and foaming agents. Also, in order to give a pleasant smell and taste to the pastes, add all kinds of fragrances, dyes and substances that improve the taste.
Abrasive substances in toothpastes shouldClean and polish. A classic example of an abrasive substance with a similar action is chemically precipitated chalk. But now, substances such as dicalcium dihydrate dihydrate, dicalcium phosphate monohydrate, anhydrous dicalcium phosphate, tricalcium phosphate, calcium pyrophosphate, aluminum hydroxide, bentonites, silicon dioxide, zirconium silicate, as well as polymeric compounds of methyl methacrylate have been widely used at present. Some of the above substances react with inorganic compounds of hard dental tissues, thereby providing a curative effect on the strength of tooth enamel. Typically, a combination of abrasive substances is used in the toothpaste, and not just one substance.
Foaming properties of a particular toothpasteDirectly depend on the amount of surfactants in the composition, which are foam-forming agents. The higher the foaming capacity of the toothpaste, the more effectively it cleans the teeth, the gums wash out the food residue and remove the plaque.
Gel-like pastes do not contain abrasiveSubstance. In general, they consist of silicon oxide compounds, which are treated in a special way. In this regard, gel pastes have no deleterious effect on the tissue of the teeth.
Let us consider in detail the types of toothpastes. First of all, toothpastes are divided into preventive, hygienic and curative. Hygienic pastes have a cleansing and refreshing effect, and preventive - act on the hard surfaces of the teeth or on the mucous membrane of the mouth. Prophylactic toothpastes, in turn, are divided according to the composition into anti-inflammatory, anticaries, with whitening effect, for sensitive teeth, and the like.
For the treatment and prevention of periodontal diseasesAnd mucous surfaces of the mouth and gums use toothpastes that contain medicinal infusions, substances with chlorophyll content, enzymes, trace elements, mineral salts and vitamins.
To reduce the inflammatory processes in the mouthCavity, bleeding gums and improve metabolic processes in the tissues and mucous membranes of the periodontal paste using anti-inflammatory effect, which sometimes add antiseptics, most often chlorhexidine. Antiseptics both reduce the content of microorganisms in the oral cavity, and preserve toothpastes from the appearance and reproduction of microbes in them.
Calcium-containing toothpastes reduce the acidity of saliva, the intensity of various inflammatory processes and contribute to the structural restoration of collagen fibers in the gingival tissues.
Pastes with the content of mineral salts very well clean the oral cavity and have a therapeutic effect.
Also there are pastes, which are designed specifically for the treatment of stomatitis.
The composition of anti-caries toothpastes is includedFluorine, phosphorus, calcium and all kinds of antibacterial substances. These pastes are designed to strengthen mineralized dental tissues and prevent the formation of plaque or reduce the rate of its appearance.
Phosphates and calcium salts in toothpastes are used to strengthen hard tissues of the teeth and to activate remineralization processes.
Toothpastes containing enzymes help reduce plaque formation.
Tooth pastes in which the fluorine contentExceed 500ppm categorically can not be used for children under the age of 2 years, and children under 6 years of age should not swallow such toothpastes when cleaning teeth; An excess of fluoride can cause opacification of the enamel or fluorosis.