Oligomenorrhea: a disorder of the menstrual cycle
Regulation of the menstrual cycle can take up to two years. After puberty, most women already have a regular menstrual cycle.
Menstrual bleeding usually lasts aboutFive days, but can vary from two to seven days. The number of menstrual secretions in healthy women is 50-200 g, moreover, clean blood contains 20-70 g
Some women suffer from an irregular menstrual cycle - this is when the time between menstruation, as well as the amount of blood released during menstruation, varies considerably.
Oligomenorrhoea - violation of the menstrual cycle, accompanied by a rare or irregular menstruation with an interval of more than 35 days and a duration of 2-3 days.
What are the causes of oligomenorrhoea?
There are many reasons that lead to the irregularity of the menstrual cycle:
1. Polycystic ovary syndrome - also known as PCOS, or syndromeStein-Leventhal. With this disease in the ovaries many formations are formed - cysts. This condition is characterized by irregular menstruation, obesity, acne and hirsutism - excess hair growth. Women with PCOS have chronic disorders of ovarian function, an abnormally high level of androgens in particular - testosterone (hyperandrogenia). According to studies, about 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age suffer from PCOS. In women suffering from PCOS, anovulatory menstrual cycles. Patients with PCOS have a significantly higher risk of developing hypertension (high blood pressure) of diabetes, heart disease, endometriosis, and uterine cancer. Experts argue that in many cases, weight loss and constant exercise can reduce the likelihood of these risks.
2. Imbalance of female sex hormones, Which can lead to irregular menstruation, can also be caused by:
- Extreme weight loss. Low mass of the body is a common cause of the irregular menstrual cycle.
- Intensive weight gain. Obesity can sometimes cause problems with the menstrual cycle.
- Emotional stress.
- Food Diseases, Such as anorexia or bulimia can lead to hormonal imbalance, resulting in an irregular menstrual cycle
- Heavy physical exertion - Women who are engaged in power sports can also have problems with the menstrual cycle.
- Period of puberty - irregular menstruation for several years of puberty, are normal.
- The period of the onset of menopause - During menopause in women, there are irregularities in the menstrual cycle. Scant bloody discharge can be replaced by uterine bleeding.
4. Breastfeeding - most women lack or do not have regular menstruation while breastfeeding continues.
5. Diseases of the thyroid gland - irregular menstruation can be caused by diseases of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland produces hormones that affect the metabolism of our body.
6. Contraceptives - IUD (intrauterine device), mayCause severe bleeding, and the use of birth control pills may be accompanied by bloody discharge between menstruation. When using contraceptive pills, for the first time, it is not uncommon for a woman, and the phenomenon is passing.
7. Oncological diseases - bleeding between menstruation canBe caused by cervical cancer or uterine cancer. Oncological diseases can also be accompanied by bloody discharge and during sex. Severe bleeding, with such oncological diseases is rare
8. Endometriosis Is a disease in whichGrowth of endometrial tissue, (which in its morphological features is similar to the mucous membrane of the uterus) outside the uterine cavity. The endometrium is a layer of the uterus that is rejected during menstruation and comes out as a bloody discharge. So, during menstruation in the organs affected by endometriosis, the same changes occur as in the endometrium.
9. Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs Are infectious diseases of the femaleReproductive system. At early detection - they can be treated with antibiotics. However, if the infection is not recognized in time it spreads to the fallopian tubes and the uterus can lead to the chronic disease, in the worst case to severe consequences. Chronic process is accompanied by constant pain, infertility. Of the many symptoms are also allocated intermenstrual bleeding and spotting during sex.