/ / Hypoxia in the fetus during pregnancy

Hypoxia in the fetus during pregnancy

Fetal hypoxia is of two types: acute and chronic. Let's take a closer look at each of them.

Acute hypoxia. In almost all cases, it arisesDirectly during the birth itself, as a consequence of a variety of abnormalities of labor: when the fetal head is for a long time in a compressed state in the cavity of the small pelvis, when the umbilical cord contracts or falls, when premature detachment of the placenta occurs, and so on. In cases where acute hypoxia occurs, this leads to a sharp increase in blood pressure in the baby, a tachycardia appears, and tissue swelling may occur, possibly even with a subsequent hemorrhage. All this leads to very serious consequences, often irreversible. Violated the activities of vital organs, and even a lethal outcome is possible.

Unfortunately, from such cases it is impossible in any wayTo insure yourself. The most unpleasant thing in this situation is that a woman can not exert any active influence on this process. The only thing that is required of her at this moment is to maintain self-control so as not to aggravate an already difficult situation. Let the doctor take everything in his hands.

Chronic hypoxia. It occurs when the child lacks oxygenFor a certain period of time. The extent to which it can negatively affect a baby's health depends on how long it lasted and how severe the oxygen starvation was.

The causes of chronic hypoxia are as follows.

1. Poor health of the future mother. If the mother suffers from anemia, cardiovascular diseases, pneumonia, bronchial asthma, etc., this can cause a lack of oxygen in the baby.
2. Various anomalies in fetal development. For example, hemolytic and genetic diseases, intrauterine infections, cardiovascular malformations, infection.
3. Pathology of uteroplacental and umbilical cord blood flow. This is one of the most common causes of chronic hypoxia. This is the cord of the umbilical cord, knots on it, its pressing and accent during childbirth, retouching of the child, placental abruption, fast or prolonged delivery and others.
4. Complete or partial obstruction of the airways.

How not to "blink" the hypoxia that has begun? One of its signs, which is pregnantA woman can identify on her own, are the intensification and increase in the movements of the child. Thus, he makes it clear that he is ill. Of course, there may be other reasons for strong shocks, but it's better to be safe and report everything in time to the doctor who is pregnant. Perhaps he will assign additional studies that will help to understand: for no reason or no anxiety.
On the basis of medical research,That the hypoxia of the fetus has begun, is the frequency of heart rate increases in the child (up to 170 or more per minute) or, conversely, their excessive decrease (to 110 or less in one minute). In this case, heart sounds can be listened to as deaf, and arrhythmia is also possible. Also one of the important signs is the admixture of meconium (fetal calf) in the amniotic fluid.
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