/ / Prevention of hypodynamia and hypokinesia

Prevention of hypodynamia and hypokinesia

Prevention of hypodynamia and hypokinesia hasIs very important, because with insufficient motor activity, the person develops a decrease in the sharpness and speed of individual movements, a decrease in body weight due to a decrease in the mass and volume of muscle tissue. With hypodynamia and hypokinesia, transport of substances in muscle tissue is disrupted, unfavorable changes are noted at the intracellular and molecular level. There is a worsening of the heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, brain, endocrine glands. Prevention of hypodynamia and hypokinesia should be carried out at various stages of human life. Compliance with these preventive measures has a positive impact on the processes of growth and development of children, even the first year of life. It is established that those children who exercise regularly and show sufficient motor activity, on average 1-2 cm above their other peers, have a slightly larger body weight (approximately 500 g). When performing the necessary amount of motor activity in order to prevent hypodynamia and hypokinesia, babies begin to walk for 1-2 months and sit down on their own. Physical exercises also change for the better overall health of children. In particular, such children are 2-3 times less likely to suffer from cold and infectious diseases. Hypodynamia and hypokinesia in school age begins to manifest itself in the form of violation of posture, the appearance of excessive body weight, the appearance of abnormalities in the work of the musculoskeletal system. Prevention of sedentary lifestyle in schoolchildren through familiarization with physical culture allows to ensure the process of correct formation of the cardiovascular system, providing the necessary training of the heart muscle.

Hypodinamia and hypokinesia in the middle and elderlyAge provokes the acceleration of the development of atherosclerosis, worsens the maintenance of the tone of the blood vessels, leads to a violation of the blood circulation of the brain. With reduced motor activity and lack of physical activity, weakness and flabbiness of the muscles develop, stoopness occurs, and the aging processes of the organism are accelerated. Prevention of hypodynamia and hypokinesia in the elderly can prevent the development of diseases such as hypertension, coronary insufficiency, myocardial infarction.

Modern living conditions are largelyReduced the share of manual labor in a person's life. However, everyday measures to prevent hypodynamia and hypokinesia, including the implementation of a set of exercises morning exercises, physical work in the fresh air, attending sports sessions and fitness clubs ensures the maintenance of critical for human health physiological processes at the proper level.
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