/ / Definition of body type

Definition of body type

People in ancient times tried to describe the proportionsBodies through a variety of rules that establish some ideal relationship parts of the human body. The modern development of natural science disciplines has created the basis for a competent justification for the classification of body types.

Determination of the type of physique can be done eitherSimply in comparison with the description of the characteristic features of different types, or in carrying out certain calculations in accordance with specific methods.

At present, the following classification of body types has become most widespread:
1. Asthenic type. For people of this type of physique, the following features are characteristic: high growth, long limbs, the presence of a small amount of subcutaneous fat, a relatively narrow thorax, an oval face.

2. Athletic type. At representatives of athletic type of a constitution small quantity of hypodermic fat is postponed, muscular tissue and bones of a skeleton are well developed. People of athletic body type have broad shoulders and large features, especially well developed "strong-willed" chin.

3. Dysplastic type. These people are characterized by a disproportionate ratio of sizes between the individual parts of the body. Women with this type of physique may have some features of the figure that are characteristic of the male body.

4. The pycnic type. The main signs of this type of build are low growth, round head, short legs, arms, neck, wide chest. Also for people with a picnic type of build is characterized by the presence of fat deposits and protruding belly.

In addition to comparing their anthropometricData with the descriptive characteristics given above, special calculation methods can be used to determine the type of physique. At the moment, a large number of similar methods for determining the type of physique have been developed, so we limit ourselves to considering only one of them as an example.

There is the Pignier formula, according to which a quantity called the Pignier index is calculated:
Index Piñe = height - (body weight + chest circumference in the exhalation phase)
Growth and chest circumference are taken for calculations inCentimeters, and body weight - in kilograms. Based on the values ​​of the calculated Piñe index, the body type is determined in accordance with the following classification:

The Pinje measure

Body type

Less than 10

Strong build

10 - 20

Good physique

21 - 25

average build

26 - 35

Faint physique

36 and more

Very faint physique


However, whatever result you get with these calculations, you should not forget that the perfect proportional physique given by nature is quite rare ...
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