History of the appearance of coffee
Initial information says that the firstThe country where it appeared is considered to be Ethiopia. There is a legend that says that the shepherds who grazed the goats were the pioneers, and noticed that the goats after the use of wild coffee beans were overflowing with energy. Further coffee spread to Egypt and Yemen. And to the beginning XV Century, and reached the countries of North Africa, the Middle East, Turkey and Persia.
In many of these countries, coffee played an important role. For example, religious ceremonies were held in Yemen and Africa with coffee. For this reason, until the reign of Emperor Menelik II The Ethiopian local church banned the use of coffee beans. Also, coffee was banned in the Ottoman Empire in Turkey in XVII Century for political reasons.
In the early 1600's. Coffee became widespread in England, and in 1657 France became popular with coffee. Austria and Poland in 1683, as a result of the Vienna battle against the Turks, seized coffee grains from the Turks. This year can be considered the year of the conquest of coffee in Poland and Austria. In Italy, coffee came from Muslim countries. This was facilitated by the successful trade in North Africa and Venice, as well as the Middle East and Egypt. And already from Venice, coffee fell into the countries of Europe.
A great popularity and popularity of coffee was due to Pope Clement Clement VIII In 1600, with the permission of which coffee began to be considered a "Christian drink". Although there were many appeals to the Pope with a request to ban the "Muslim drink".
Opening of a coffee house
The first European country, which openedCoffee house, has become Italy. This event occurred in 1645. The Dutch have become the first major exporters of coffee beans. Peter van den Brock violated the then-existing ban on Muslim countries exporting coffee beans. Contraband was carried out in 1616 from Aden to Europe. Later, the Dutch began to grow coffee plants on the islands of Java and Ceylon.
However, in the colonial period, which is one timeEmbraced North America, coffee at first was not particularly popular, compared with Europe. The need for coffee in North America began to grow during the Revolutionary War. Therefore, dealers, in order to maintain their small supplies, were forced to significantly inflate prices. Also, the widespread use of coffee among Americans began after the war of 1812, during which the UK temporarily closed the import of tea.
Currently, the popularity of coffee is off scale. Manufacturers offer many varieties and aromas of coffee. And the benefits or harm of coffee still raises heated discussions.