Types of wallpaper, technology gluing
This is perhaps the most banal material. But this includes both minuses and pluses. Most of us with some degree of skill paper wallpaper can glue know how. Plus they are very eco-friendly, i.e. Air is passed through. Although short-lived. However, quality wallpapers are required to preserve all their properties, including the original color for 5 years. And this period is quite sufficient to prepare mentally for the next cosmetic repair. Next: paper wallpaper is usually easily removed from the wall at the next repair, but not all types of paper wallpaper are subject to wet cleaning. And more it is necessary to remember that paper wallpaper poorly isolate the sound, practically do not keep the heat and "flashing" all the irregularities of the walls.
♦ However, not everything is so bad. The above-mentioned disadvantages clearly apply only to one of the types of paper wallpaper - simplex. Simplex is a single-layered paper material with a pattern printed on one side of it.
♦ Another kind of paper wallpaper - duplex - muchMore interesting and popular. This is a two-layer material, covered with special compositions from above. The drawing on them is relief, which allows (due to the refraction of light on a different level surface) to level out small wall defects. And additional coatings allow better preservation of paints and make the material more resistant to moisture. Therefore, duplex wallpaper is often subject not only to dry, but also to wet cleaning.
♦ There are special ceiling duplex wallpaper that mimic stucco. They are monophonic, usually white or very light and look very impressive.
♦ In duplex technology,So-called wallpaper for coloring. This is a relatively new material for Russia. But in a short time he gained fame very convenient to use. After pasting the wallpaper on the wall once, you can change their color many times - by repainting! The number of cycles of coloring, depending on the type of wallpaper, varies from 5 to 15! Wallpaper coloring impregnated with a special water-repellent composition, and therefore change their color best with water-soluble dyes, i.e. Water-emulsion and water-dispersion compositions. Oily paint will immediately deprive your walls of the ability to breathe, and this is undesirable. Unlike conventional concrete walls, covered with paint, painted special wallpaper look much more attractive due to its structured - a relief surface. The light falling from the windows and from the lighting fixtures differs in different ways from the convex surfaces and creates a unique effect.
♦ Photo wallpapers are familiar to us from the meager SovietTimes. They, like before, belong mostly to the class of paper wallpapers, although they are often covered with special compositions that increase their light and moisture resistance. Modern photo wallpapers differ not only in the variety of subjects, but also in a variety of sizes. Some types of these products can cover the entire wall from floor to ceiling. There are wallpapers of a smaller area that create the impression of a picture. Special narrow "photos" are intended for pasting doors. In a word, you can "play" with this material.
This kind of finishing materials recentlyBecame quite popular. True, there are a lot of horror myths around their vinyl wallpapers about their shortcomings. Indeed, this material is not very ecological, since it is produced by applying a layer of polyvinyl chloride on the paper substrate. PVC is a synthetic material, so wallpaper from it can withstand repeated cleaning with a damp cloth, they are resistant to light and abrasion, and often have antibacterial properties. Although the air vinyl wallpaper is missed badly.
♦ The family of vinyl also includes wallpapers made in the silk screen printing technique. In the upper synthetic layer, silk threads are added during the manufacture. This type of finishing materials, as evidenced by
One of the most effective and unpretentious. Paints on silkscreen wallpaper do not lose their brightness sometimes for several decades.
♦ It should be borne in mind that vinyl wallpaper often imitate (and quite successfully) more expensive finishing materials. So "expensive" palace interior can get to you very cheaply!
♦ Vinyl wallpaper is undesirable to glue in bedrooms andChildren's. But in the bathrooms, kitchens, halls, they look, and serve just fine. The most exquisite types of vinyl wallpaper often decorate common areas, for example, living rooms or offices.
♦ True, this kind of wallpaper requires certainskills during installation. The technology of gluing them is quite complicated. Firstly, not all glue is suitable for their gluing. And, secondly, getting wet, vinyl wallpaper becomes very elastic and stretches well. But, having dried out, they give a big shrinkage.
The basis of this type of finishing materialsis all the same paper. And as the top layer it is laminated with threads of natural or blended fibers. The result is a very interesting and practical material: heat-insulating, sound-absorbing, light-resistant and difficult to burn. Plus, textile wallpapers are environmentally friendly, and many species have antibacterial properties.
♦ Particularly impressive are the so-calledVelor wallpapers. On paper basis in the production process is applied a pattern, and then the velours of velor. The texture of such wallpaper pleases not only the eye, but also is pleasant to the touch.
♦ Another plus of textile wallpaper is that, when glued, they do not need to be adjusted according to the pattern, and the seams between the panels are almost invisible.
The word "glass" in most people causesan association with something prickly, uncomfortable and not too healthy. However, this is a completely wrong opinion about this material. These types of wallpaper are a woven fabric made of substances of mineral origin (quartz sand, soda, lime, etc.), which have undergone special treatment. Therefore, the finishing material, resulting in the end, has a lot of very valuable qualities. They are non-toxic, hypoallergenic, vapor-permeable, but waterproof, antibacterial.
♦ Specialists even recommend to decorate rooms where it is necessary to maintain a certain microclimate and sterility, for example, hospitals.
♦ This kind of material has one valuable quality - it is easily attached to any surface - concrete, masonry, wood particle board, metal.
Liquid wallpaper - modern and very practicalmaterial. It differs from ordinary wallpaper in that it is made (from crushed fibers of textiles and cellulose mixed with glue composition) not in rolls, but in powder. They are antistatic, so dust does not accumulate on the surface. Meet modern fire safety standards. This material has thermal properties.
♦ Liquid wallpaper is diluted with warm water andAre applied to walls and ceilings using a spray gun, spatula or roller. The result is a smooth, seamless surface. However, the installation of liquid wallpaper requires a certain skill. It is very convenient for decorating surfaces that have small roughness, cracks, etc., as liquid wallpaper can serve simultaneously as a putty material.
♦ The color palette of liquid wallpaper is very rich. However, there is not and can not be an ornament on them. Depending on the additional components, the surface covered with liquid wallpaper can gleam, twinkle, have the effect of a cloth coating, etc. True, on a monophonic surface it is possible to create a relief by rolling on a moist surface with a figured roller.
♦ Liquid wallpaper can be covered and metalsurface: batteries, pipes. However, before starting the finishing work, the metal should be primed with oil paint, as rust and other stains can penetrate through the mass of liquid wallpaper.
♦ Liquid wallpaper is a great way out,if you just moved into a new house. A newly built dwelling, as is known, can shrink during the first two to three years. But if there are cracks on the liquid wallpaper, they can be eliminated in a matter of minutes by applying a fresh layer of coating to the damaged place.
If the above types of wallpaper you do not seem to be interesting enough and original, you can turn your eyes to more exotic materials. Among them:
Lincruste - wallpaper, consisting of a paper base andapplied to it by a layer of elastic plastic. This material does not stain during manufacturing, since it is assumed that the walls that have been glued to it will be additionally decorated with oil or enamel compositions. Linkrust has a convex relief ornament.
Wallpaper from natural wood veneer. This type of finishing materials externally with successreplaces the plating of the room with wooden panels, but it is much cheaper. Wallpaper from wood veneer have a paper base, and therefore very environmentally friendly.
Cork wallpaper - material made from pressed oak bark. They have high antibacterial properties.
Jute wallpapers They are obtained as a result of gluing jute fiber onto a paper substrate.
Metal wallpaper - an improved look of gold and silver"Wallpaper", used at the dawn of civilization. However, if before the walls were simply covered with thin plates of precious metals, now a layer of foil is attached to a paper base and glued to the walls, like most other types of modern wallpaper, though, special compositions. The foil wallpaper is beautifully washed. They have increased wear resistance.
Of course, in order to determine thechoosing the type of wallpaper, the technology of pasting and other factors, it is not enough just to read about the properties of a particular material. It is absolutely necessary to see all this with your own eyes. But now you, at least, will talk with the seller in the construction shop with the appearance of a connoisseur!