How to choose a dishwasher and what to look for
At present, the dishwasher has becomeAn integral part of the kitchen. Surveys of Western Europeans show that 98% of ordinary dishes are no longer washed by hand, 61% of pots and pans and even 56% of thin glass are machine washed.
Alas, for Russians dishwasher for RussiansIs rather a luxury item. Only slightly more than 2% of consumers deliberately choose this household appliance, which saves a lot of time (according to the most conservative estimates - about 300 hours per year), resources (for example, water saves about 8000 liters per year) and provides the highest quality of washing and disinfection of dishes due to Use - if necessary - high temperatures, which your hands will not tolerate.
Nevertheless, the popularity of dishwashersSlowly, but growing year by year, and more and more consumers need advice on how to choose a dishwasher and what to look for.
In the present dishwasher dishwareStack in trays and baskets, specialized for dishes of different types. Usually at the bottom are large frying pans and pans, above - cups with plates, cutlery and glass (glasses, glasses).
It is better to entrust the dishwasher to the water supply and sewerage to qualified specialists to avoid further problems in operation.
First fineness: Most dishwashers are connected to a cold water pipe. This is the best option, because cold water is cleaner and hotter, and safer, though, while increasing electricity consumption: you have to spend it on heating water. Some manufacturers have created models that use hot water. At the same time, savings on electricity bills are achieved, but ... hot water supply in our homes leaves much to be desired.
Pay attention to the hardness of the water. In soft water, dishes are washed faster and more efficiently. To soften the water in dishwashers, a special ion exchanger is used, which passes water through the polymer resin. The properties of this resin need to be restored, for which special salt is used - you will periodically add it to the appropriate compartment of your dishwasher. Almost all models of dishwashers now have a device that controls the level of salt and reminds the user about the need to add salt.
The washing-up process proceeds as follows: The heated water with the detergent dissolved in it is sprayed with thin streams under pressure (this is done by rotating sprayers) onto the dishes. At the same time, grease and dirt are washed out. After washing, the dishes are rinsed and then dried.
Standards provide for 7 classesEnergy consumption - from A to G. Energy consumption is lower the higher the class. In addition, modern dishwashers differ in the consumption of water - here they are divided into highly economical (14-16 liters of water per wash cycle); Average profitability (17-20 liters of water per 1 cycle); In uneconomical this indicator is 26 liters of water per 1 cycle.
Classes of washing efficiency - from A to G - determine the quality of dishwashing.
It is also influenced by rinsing andDrying dishes. To remove the remaining detergents and make the dishes shine to the maximum, as well as prevent stains and stains from appearing on it, rinse the liquid rinse with rinse water. It is consumed economically - less than 1 liter per year.
Now the market offers and special "tablets", combining a detergent and rinse aid, and other additives for washing dishes in a dosage form.
The drying efficiency is also determined by the classes from A to G.
Drying is carried out by condensation, heat exchange or forced.
The first method of drying is realized without feedingAir from the outside, while the moisture simply condenses on the cooled walls. Due to the use of the residual heat of the heat exchanger, the energy consumption in this process is low, but there can be stains on the dishes.
When the steam is exchanged, it is first quickly supplied to the upper part of the washing chamber, and then it is removed from there. Divorce on the dishes at the same time does not remain. But this method is less economical.
Forced hot air drying with a fan gives the best effect. But the same way is the most energy-consuming and expensive.
The washing cycle lasts from 25 to 160 minutes (this depends on the selected mode). After the washing is completed in a standard machine, wait about 15 minutes for the dishes to cool down a little.
Depending on the novelty and price category of the model in dishwashers, there are 4 to 8 wash programs, for example:
- "Daily washing" (water temperature 50-60 degrees),
- "Very dirty" (includes an additional sink),
- "Soaking" (if the dishes have traces of frozen mud),
- "Economical regime" (short cycle for dishes with small impurities),
There may be other programs.
In the car you can wash almost any kitchenAccessories, glassware, plastic, porcelain. However, it is not recommended to use a dishwasher for washing products made of silver, tin, copper and brass, and also containing parts made of wood, bone or mother-of-pearl. If the image on the dishes (for example, a souvenir plate or glass) is applied in an unstable way, you risk getting its damage if you use an intensive washing mode.
What size should I choose?
Modern manufacturers produce dishwashers of three main categories:
Full-size - with dimensions 60x60x85 cm, containing 12-14 sets of dishes,
Narrow - a width of 45 cm, they are placed only 6-8 sets,
Compact - their dimensions are 45x55x45 cm, and they accommodate 4 sets.
Thus it is possible to choose both freestanding, and built in dishwashers.
Determined with what size dishwasherCars to choose, keep in mind that in a family of 4-5 people, usually a day accumulates about 10 sets of dishes, and yet, and pans, and pans ... So it is worth choosing a car with a small margin of capacity - it can be Include once a day for greater economy and efficiency. For example, in the described case the full-size model for 10-12 sets will suit. And for a family of 1-2 people, a compact model is also suitable.
Now that you know how to choose a dishwasher and what to look for while doing this, you can join the company owners of these devices - people who value their time and comfort.