The importance of autogenic training for normal body functioning
From the point of view of physiology, autogenic trainingAllows you to control the processes of excitation and inhibition, achieving their balancing. With the constant use of this technique, the body's ability to adapt quickly to changing environmental conditions is increased, mental processes are activated, the work of the nervous system is normalized, and memory is improved. Great value autogenous training is to relieve fatigue syndrome, restoration of normal emotional state of the body after suffering stress, to improve memory and attention. For therapeutic purposes, this technique is used for neuroses and other functional disorders, as well as for normalizing the work of the basic systems of the body and the regulation of metabolic processes.
Autogenous training is available for studying andAlmost every person. Since the importance of this psycho-hygienic technique for the normal functioning of the body is simply invaluable, and for the training itself, no special equipment or simulators is required, then for anyone who wants to learn the methods of autogenic training, it is only a few minutes a day for such occupations. However, even such a short time will be enough for the formation of the ability to properly tension and relax the muscles, concentrate on the chosen object, regulate the emotional state, maintain the normal functioning of the autonomic part of the nervous system and thereby monitor the functional state of the internal organs.
The main part of autogenic training isThe process of autosuggestion, in which verbal forms are used. Phrases should be pronounced in an imperative tone from the first person singular, that is, they should begin approximately like this: "I am calm ... I feel confident ...", etc. In accordance with the rules of autogenic training, in such phrases one should not use the particle "not", that is, instead of the expression "I'm not sick", I need to say "I'm healthy", and instead of "I'm not worried at all" it is better to say "I am absolutely calm". And these expressions must be pronounced in a certain order. At the beginning of the exercise, phrases should be pronounced to relax and relax, then phrases that purposefully affect the body and help achieve the basic psychotherapeutic tasks of the session, and when the exercise is completed, expressions that must relax and have a mobilizing effect. With the proper execution of the technique, a person falls into a state of light half-daemon, during which a self-help self-hypnosis takes place, which helps maintain normal body functioning.
It is established that for different typesEmotional state there is an increased tension of one or another group of muscles. For example, if the mood is bad, there is an increased tension in the muscles of the respiratory system, and with fear, the tension of the facial muscles increases. Therefore, reaching during the autogenic training of relaxation of a certain musculature, one can thereby ensure the normal functioning of the organism and change its psychological state for the better. Thus, on the basis of the connection between the muscle groups and the emotional state of the organism, it is possible to significantly reduce the neuro-emotional overstrain, reduce fatigue and thereby promote the speedy restoration of the required level of efficiency.
Despite the apparent simplicity of autogenoustraining and its huge positive value for the normal functioning of the body, there are still some difficulties in using this technique. For example, for children under 12 years of age, the use of autogenous training is often ineffective, because in this age period there is still not enough self-conscious attitude toward one's own personality. Elderly people may also have some difficulties in trying to master this psycho-hygienic technique, because with age, the tone of the striated musculature decreases and it becomes much more difficult to control the relaxation of the muscles.