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Climatotherapy

Climatic zones


Climate of deserts. It is characterized by a long hot and dry summerWith a very high mean air temperature, low humidity, intense solar radiation. This climate contributes to profuse sweating, facilitates kidney function, which is why it is shown in nephritis.

Climate of the steppes. Also hot and dry, but differs moreSharp changes in the temperature of day and night. High air temperature, intense sun exposure, low humidity, clean air contribute to the release of moisture by the body by evaporation of water from the surface of the skin and mucous membranes. The metabolism is normalized, there is a "drying" of the mucous membranes and skin, which has a positive effect in inflammatory processes. Accordingly, such a climate is recommended for people with some dermatological pathologies, and is also indicated for kidney diseases, since the enhanced excretory function of the skin facilitates their work.

Climate of the forest-steppe Creates sparing conditions. With it there are no sharp changes in temperature, moderate humidity is observed. In the summer there is no choking heat, in winter - severe frost. Resorts of this zone are widely shown at various chronic diseases, including cardiovascular system (ischemic heart disease, hypertensive disease).

Mountain climate. Clean air, intense solar radiation,Especially ultraviolet, reduced barometric pressure and a relatively high oxygen content, especially in high-altitude areas. Under the influence of the mountain climate, the person first becomes quicker, and then (after adaptation) the rhythm of the heart and breathing slows down, the vital capacity of the lungs increases, the basic and mineral metabolism increases, the amount of hemoglobin and red blood cells in the blood increases. The climate of the mountains has a toning and hardening effect, is shown to people suffering from functional disorders of the nervous system, chronic compensated diseases of the lungs and heart.

Experts believe that a good restIs possible only with the change of habitual situation. Only in this case the organism is set up for a full-fledged restoration of forces. It is worth paying attention to the duration of the holiday and the adaptation directly to the place of rest. Short rest, of course, also benefits, but it is much better if it will be full - exceeding the period of adaptation!

Primorsky climate. It is characterized by cleanliness and fresh airWith a high content of ozone and sea salts, intense solar radiation, and no sharp temperature changes. Has a toning, restorative and hardening effect. The climate on the sea coast depends on the geographical location of the terrain, the nature of the surface of the continent adjacent to the sea, the winds blowing from the land at night and day from the sea.

On the shores of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, andAlso the Pacific climate conditions are relatively high humidity, cool air and water temperature. This climate is shown to the elderly, with diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous system.

The climate of the southern coast of the Crimea (SKA) is approachingMediterranean - it is warm, with low humidity, with a long sunny stand, with a long bathing season. Climatotherapy is possible on the South Coast at all seasons. Treatment in these climatic conditions is recommended for people with chronic specific (tuberculosis) and nonspecific bronchopulmonary diseases (chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma), cardiovascular and nervous diseases.

The climate of the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus is differentHigh humidity, therefore for those suffering from pulmonary diseases, it is less favorable. This climate of the humid subtropical zone is indicated for diseases of the cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system, nervous and endocrine system.


Types of climatotherapy


Aerotherapy - is the use of medical treatmentOpen air. Only staying in a certain climatic environment, including walking outdoors, excursions, have a therapeutic effect. A special type of aerotherapy is air baths. The therapeutic effect of this method of climatotherapy is based on the dosed and increasing cooling of the body. This improves thermoregulation, increases resistance to the effects of low temperatures, that is, quenches the body. The increased oxygen content in the atmospheric air contributes to the improvement of oxidative processes in the tissues of the body. They are shown to all patients during the recovery or weakening process, especially in diseases of the lungs, cardiovascular and nervous system.

Heliotherapy or sun treatment Is the use of Sonz energy. Solar baths are a potent preventive and curative factor and therefore require strict dosing. They should be carried out only according to the doctor's prescription and under strict medical supervision. The main factor of solar radiation is ultraviolet radiation. Under the influence of sunbaths, human performance and resistance to infectious and catarrhal diseases increase.

Thalassotherapy - complex application of air and sunlightAnd sea bathing. Therapeutic bathing has a multilateral therapeutic effect and is the most powerful climatotherapy procedure. Thalassotherapy trains the system of thermoregulation, activates the ventilation of the lungs, raises the vital tone of the organism, promotes hardening of the body.

Balneotherapy Based on the use of mineral waters,Which are formed in the bowels of the earth under the influence of various geological processes. They differ from fresh water in their composition and physical properties. Mineral water contains various salts in ionized form, biologically active elements, and also differ in gas composition.


The newspaper "Let's be healthy!" № 5 2008

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