History and features of Ukrainian cuisine
How was the Ukrainian cuisine formed?
The kitchen of Ukraine was made up ofFormed elements of the culinary culture of different regions. Ukraine is a fairly large territorial state and the elements from which the kitchen was formed were very diverse. Neighboring nations, among whom were Tatars, Hungarians, Turks, Greeks, Moldovans, brought their "taste" to the dishes of Ukraine. But despite the huge number of influencing factors, Ukrainian cuisine has formed quite uniform and for a number of products used for cooking, and by the method of processing these products. After the invasion of the Golden Horde (the Tatar-Mongol invasion), the connection with the traditions of Old Russian cuisine was lost.
Methods of cooking German and Hungarian cooksAnd the technological moments of Turkish and Tatar cuisine harmoniously blended into the kitchen of Vukraine. More specifically, the purely Turkic cooking of products in oil in Ukraine is called "smeared." As a rule, onions are fried here and various vegetables, before adding them to borsch. But a huge number of dishes with pork connects the cuisine of Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Belarus with Ukrainian cuisine. One can not fail to note the role of vegetable fat in Ukraine, because its use is often encountered here. It is not only used in salted or smoked form, it is used as a fat for roasting, stuff any other meat where it does not. Classical sweet pastry - verguns are only yarn in fat. In this kitchen, the eggs are abundantly used for preparing breakfasts, and for baking various fruit pies.
A little bit about Ukrainian pastry
Baking and flour products - this is a big chapterUkrainian cuisine. The most favorite type of test in Ukraine is fresh. Semi-extrusive, with baking powder, custard. The sandy and puff pastry is preferably used for making sweet pastries. Vareniki and dumplings, greeks and lemis are national dishes, prepared from a batterless dough and younger ones - werewolves and "stabby". From the yeast dough, as a rule, bake bread products, such as "palyanytsi" (loaf), culinary wine (bread made from wheat flour and powder from berries of Kalina). Wheat flour serves as the basis for the preparation of dough. Much less often use wheat flour in a mixture with buckwheat. The most popular cereals are millet and rice (the so-called "Sorochin millet" or Saracen with a hint of natural or Arabic origin).
Application of vegetables
In Ukraine, very fond of vegetables. Here it is an indispensable side dish for meat meat or as a cutting for fat. The most popular and you can say national vegetable is "Buryak" (beetroot). It is used and used in the most common forms. Quail beetroot is the main dressing for most borscht.
Such leguminous crops as beans or lentilsGo additional additives to borscht, or can be an excellent side dish. More in Ukraine prefer carrots, potatoes and tomatoes. Corn acts as a supplement to various salads or simply boiled. Potatoes are widely used in Ukrainian cuisine, and often it is a garnish in the form of puree to boiled or fried meat. The extracted starch is put to use in the preparation of fruit jelly and other confectionery products.
"Cult" of vegetable oil
A rare dish in Ukrainian cuisine does withoutUse of vegetable oil. The most popular vegetable oil is sunflower. Based on methods of processing sunflower seeds, there are two types: cold and hot press oil. In ancient times, people used pork melted fat (smalets), and sunflower oil began to be used relatively recently, at the beginning of the last century. With the aroma of fried sunflower seeds, a variety of salads (vinaigrettes, green salad with tomatoes and cucumbers) are used to press the oil. The cold-press oil goes to the frying and baking process.
Seasoning for dishes
From the seasonings, first of all use onions, garlic, dill, parsley, cumin. Very often, vinegar is used in meat dishes and various salads. In sweet pastries always add cinnamon and cloves.
Popular Fruits of Vukrainian Cuisine
The most popular fruit in Ukraine isApples, pears. They stuff pies, bake them in the oven, cook jam out of them. Smokers and gooseberries are very much appreciated as raw materials for making compotes and icicles.
Processing of products
It is worth noting the mixed way of processingProducts with heat, especially meat. Before you start a long heat treatment, whether it is extinguishing, cooking or frying, the products are pre-fried lightly in oil (if this meat, then before the appearance of a crust). With these ways of cooking dishes in Ukraine is associated with the appearance of utensils - all kinds of cauldrons and frying pan, bowls, cups and glets (jugs).
From the methods of pretreatment of productsIs allocated shins, small cutting of meat with a knife. The abundance of dishes from shredded meat-meat is stuffed with rolls, cobbles and cutlets due to borrowings from German cuisine through the cuisine of Poland and the Czech Republic. Like any kitchen with a long history, Ukrainian cuisine is very different in regions. If you take Western Ukrainian cuisine and Eastern Ukrainian, they are very different. Only one type of borsch in Ukraine is more than 30. Borsch can be included up to 20 ingredients, the basic ones - cabbage, beets, tomatoes in the form of tomato paste or tomato juice.