10 facts about vaccinations of the first year of a child's life
1. Today there are effective medications that can easily cope with infectious diseases from which vaccinations are made.
Vaccinations are made from those infections, drugs(Measles, rubella, parotitis, poliomyelitis), or they are not very effective (hepatitis B, tuberculosis, whooping cough), or they themselves can cause severe consequences (horse serum from tetanus and diphtheria). Unfortunately, this is just the case when it is much easier to prevent a disease than to treat it.
2. Diseases, from which vaccinations are made without fail, have virtually been defeated.
Completely disappeared from the face of the earth only naturalSmallpox, vaccines are no longer made from it. It is known that collective immunity can be achieved if more than 90% of the population is vaccinated. Unfortunately, in some regions of our country the number of vaccinated people is 70%, or even 46%. This situation demonstrates that more and more parents rely on others, and they themselves refuse vaccinations. At the same time, the world practice shows: as soon as the percentage of vaccinated is reduced, an outbreak occurs. This happened in Europe, which for the last few years was less and less vaccinated against measles. Result: in 2012 almost 30 thousand cases of diseases were registered, 26 with encephalitis, of which 8 - with a lethal outcome. So while while somewhere on the planet the disease exists, the probability to meet with it remains. Let and small. And it's worth thinking about it without exception.
3. If the child is breastfeeding, he does not need vaccinations, he is protected by the mother's immunity.
Maternal immunity is not always enough. Mom may not remember what vaccines she did in childhood. If a vaccine, for example from whooping cough, was missed, then the mother does not have antibodies. And even if the mother was vaccinated under the full scheme or had had childhood illnesses, the antibody level may be low. Although babies, supported by mother's milk, are more likely to have immunity to these infections than "artificial" babies, which is why they are easier to bear any disease.
4. The National Vaccination Schedule exhausts the entire necessary list of vaccines.
Other vaccinations have proved effective,More relevant. But at the expense of the state they are not done everywhere. For example, vaccines for pneumococcal and rotavirus infections. These diseases are dangerous just for babies. Or a hemophilic vaccine of type b - it protects against an otitis, a bronchitis, a meningitis and a pneumonia. Meningococcal - from meningitis. WHO recommends that all countries in the world receive vaccinations against human papillomavirus and chicken pox. Chickenpox causes skin infections, pneumonia, damage to the facial nerve and eyes. The human papilloma virus is generally one of the most common in the world, it increases the risk of developing cancer.
5. All the same vaccinations do not protect 100% of the possibility of the disease, so making them meaningless.
Indeed, vaccinations do not guarantee thatA person will not get sick after experiencing an infection. The meaning of vaccination is that the immunity, already familiar with the enemy, can instantly recognize it and neutralize much faster. Therefore, in absolutely all cases, if vaccinated even become ill, then they tolerate it much more easily, without complications and sometimes even without symptoms. This is especially important for young children.
6. It makes sense to do only vaccinations against the most serious diseases that can lead to the death or disability of the child, and from the lungs it is senseless.
Even in those diseases that we are used toTo call "light", heavy variations of the current are possible. Thus, rubella and measles cause encephalitis in one of 1000 cases. Pig (mumps) can cause infertility in both boys and girls. Earlier, when vaccines for mumps were not done, it was the mumps that caused most cases of serous meningitis. Pertussis after the year is usually not fatal, but can trigger asthma, cramps and pneumonia.
7. Up to 3-5 years the baby has its own immunity. Do not interfere with this process, and vaccinations can be done later.
In general, our immune system is ready to meet withThe external world is already born. However, due to genetic defects of individual immunity units or due to a very common congenital infection in some children, immunity ripens more slowly. Such babies often get sick. That's just for them to wait with vaccinations is fraught with: high risk of severe disease. In any case, your pediatrician knows the exact picture.
8. Inoculations cause allergies.
Allergy - an inadequate response to foreignSubstance, inherited. Infections and vaccines stimulate immunity and teach the body to respond to such extraneous interference. However, the vaccines themselves can cause allergies. In addition, in young children often allergies do not occur on the vaccine, but on completely different things - just a reaction from the immunity irritated with immunization can intensify. Therefore, to console a child with candy or new sweets after vaccination is not worth it.
9. After vaccinations, children begin to get sick more often.
Studies of Danish scientists have shown: The higher the number of vaccinations in children, the less they get sick. Immunity is not a system of communicating vessels. Rather, it can be compared with the nervous system. If we teach a poem, then at this time we can, for example, wash dishes. The immune system can simultaneously "work and respond" to 100 billion antigens and 100,000 vaccines - so counted immunologists. And yet, vaccination is a serious challenge to immunity. If the child is unhealthy, vaccinating him is a risk.
10. Vaccinations provoke neurological diseases, give serious complications.
Unfortunately, there are such cases. And parents have the right to know this. But it is worth taking into account the statistical data: encephalitis in measles and rubella occurs in one case from a thousand, and when vaccinated against these diseases - in one case per million doses of vaccines. Convulsive syndrome in pertussis whooping cough occurs in 12% of children, with vaccinations - only in one case for 15 thousand doses. There is risk in everything in our life, and the task of parents is to assess the likelihood of getting sick with an unsafe outcome or get a complication after vaccination. And the pediatrician is obliged to take all the measures with them in order to minimize the risk.