Kinetosis in children: causes, symptoms, and what to do
Why does the child get sick?
It is worthwhile to note that a child can notOnly in a car, but also in a tram, plane, train, on a swing and even during a rotation in place around its axis. Why is this happening? Kinetosis (motion sickness from the point of view of medical term) is a protective reaction of the body. At an early age, the coordination of the vestibular apparatus is not yet sufficiently developed, and therefore the organism simply does not have the proper response to pitching, and a failure occurs. Nausea and vomiting - this is the result of irritation of the nervous system by pulses emanating from the vestibular apparatus.
During the movement of the child's senses receiveA lot of conflicting information. The eyes see that the child is standing on the deck or sitting in a chair without movement, the avestibular apparatus, on the other hand, notifies that the body is constantly changing its location in space. Because the connection between the cerebral cortex and the cortex is still imperfect, and the coordination system is not sufficiently developed, the brain can not bring together all the data obtained, the result of which is the irritation of the internal organs and systems.
The children have been cuddling since the age of two. You, for certain, have become interested, why is the child of younger age kinetosis not scary? All business is that such crumbs still do not have the notion of space-time connection, therefore the brain can perceive only isolated pictures of the world (the internal systems and organs of the child are at rest).
Retreats usually after a ten-yearAge, when the vestibular apparatus inertial pathways are considered to be almost completely formed. Nevertheless, a small percentage of the adult population also suffers from manifestations of kinetosis. Please note, this predilection is inherited. Moreover, it was noted that girls are crawling several times more often than boys.
There is a difference in certain typesTransport: one of the guys can not tolerate any one type of transport, including rides, others suffer only in the car, the third - only in maritime transport. In advance, it is very difficult to predict the development of kinetosis.
The severity of the manifestations of kinetosis depends on manyCircumstances - the individual sensitivity of the child, his emotional state, the intensity of movement and the degree of vibration of the horizon, the temperature in the room, smoking in the presence of a child.
Consider, motion sickness can act in a rolemanifestations of a disease. Such diseases include: diseases of the ENT organs (sinusitis, frontal sinusitis), diseases of the hearing organs, diseases of the nervous system, problems with gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular diseases.
All medication from motion sickness should be recommended only by a doctor. Self-medication is fraught with complications, since not every medicine can be approached by a child.
Symptoms of kinetosis
Accompanying the following types of response are observed: emotional, vegetative and muscular.
- With an emotional type of response, panic, fear, and sometimes vice versa - rapture, euphoria and inadequate behavior prevail.
- Vegetative type of response is characterized by redness or sharp pallor of the child's skin, excessive salivation, sweating, impaired consciousness, nausea or vomiting, fainting.
- In the muscular type of reaction, there are separate muscular contractions, in which the body deviates sideways, swaying, the sense of support is lost, the gait becomes unstable.
The response patterns for each child can be combined in varying degrees of intensity, so all the kiddies react differently to motion sickness.
It is quite enough, but still distinguish several clinical forms of the disease.
- With a nervous form of the disease, heaviness in the head appears, dizziness, weakness, headaches and lethargy.
- Gastrointestinal form of the disease manifests itselfby breaking the taste, the appearance of an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth, nausea, vomiting, stool discomfort in the form of diarrhea, abdominal pain, excessive sensitivity to kaps.
- Cardiovascular disease formcharacterized by the involvement of the heart (slower than slowing down), increased blood pressure, a violation of the rhythm of the heart. In infants, there is a violation and the character of the pulse: it slows down for the increase in the attack, the child yawns, breathing becomes superficial, then the pressure decreases sharply, which can lead to a short-term loss of consciousness (fainting).
Frequent toddlers there is a combination of all listed forms of the disease. In a certain age, one of them may prevail. Manifestations of kinetosis are changing or weakening.
How to help a child
If your baby is sick, do not panic,take yourself in hand, do not pretend that something terrible has happened. From your panic, the child will only be stronger, which in turn will exacerbate the manifestation of kinetosis. Calm the kid, explain to him that nothing terrible has happened. If possible, keep it cool and fresh. If you move on your car - stop the car, get out of it and stand a little on the level surface, walk around. If you are traveling by public transport, try to find the place where the least shakes.
Showing the baby how to breathe properly is rare and deep. Sometimes this helps to reduce or even prevent attacks of nausea.
Prikinetosis is well citrus. Give the child a suck on a piece of orange or mandarin. Suitable and other acidic fruits (such as green apple), as well as a peach. You can put a lemon crust on your cheek. Sometimes rescues the sour candy.
Ask the child to look at some fixed object, for example, on his toe-toed toe of shoes.
If the baby is not vomiting, but while he complains of dizziness and nausea, you can give him a means of motion sickness, which you prescribed a doctor.
Always take a fewpolyethylene bags, still water and wet wipes without a smell. The child does not always be able to inform you about the impending attack of nausea, and the above-mentioned accessories will help you quickly navigate in this situation.
Going on a trip on transport, a place forthe child needs to be thought in advance. If you are moving on a ship, choose the cabins closer to the center of the ship, if the bus - you need to sit in the front part of it closer to the opening windows. The kid should sit solely in the course of the movement. On long trips it is worthwhile stopping and walking, opening windows.
Traveling by car should know a fewSimple rules that help minimize the risk of motion sickness. The least swaying in the front seat next to the driver, but children under the age of 12 under the SDA to travel to this place is forbidden. Moreover, children of this age should be in car seats. Fixation of the child in the car seat will reduce the manifestation of kinetosis, as the rocking motion is just the same during movement through the car salon and during the observation through the window for rapidly changing pictures. Car seat is better to install on the center of the rear seat of the car. Correct, convenient location in the car seat will allow your baby to breathe freely, look in the right direction, and also get some sleep.
If you are aware in advance of the fact that thelong journey with the child, prepare for it in advance. Often take your baby on short trips, make sure that the car is well ventilated, do not close the ventilation pads in the warm season, in winter do not turn on the stove for maximum operation. It is not recommended to use air fresheners with a sharp smell, do not smoke in the car where the child sits. The car should be smooth, without sudden braking and jumps.