Spices and salt in the baby's diet
It should be remembered that at the age of up to one year,The child's food has not yet fully developed, and the use of salt in the food for the child may lead to the disruption of the work of the gastrointestinal tract. Also it is worth remembering that spices can cause the child numerous allergic reactions.
However, do not give up all the spices andSeasonings and not to use them in the child's diet. If you add a small amount of food to the food, the gastric juices will start to form, which increase appetite greatly improve digestion.
Salt in the baby's nutrition
Salt plays a significant role in nutrition, it is not onlyGives the food a special taste, but also supplies the body with such important minerals as sodium chloride. Therefore, when a person does not consume enough salt, his health begins to deteriorate. Due to a lack of sodium and chloraphores, dizziness, fatigue, a person may even faint, cramps start.
However, excessive intake of table saltHas a negative effect on kidney function and cardiovascular system. Exchange processes begin to break, the central nervous system is much excited.
How can you determine the exact amount of salt that your child needs?
Every day a child under one year of age consumesMinerals0.2-0.35 grams of salt, while the adult person is five grams. All the necessary ingredients enter the body of the baby from various foods and they do not need any additional salt. But when more than a year is over, their salt demand for one day increases to 0.5. From this moment all food can be gradually podsalivat.
Many parents try to organize correctlyFeed your baby and very often face a lack of salt in the body. Solving this problem is iodized salt. It can be used to replenish the reserves of iodine. The plus is that the iodized salt that is sold in our country has passed all the necessary checks, meets all quality standards, does not lose its useful properties for a long time and does not affect the taste and color of the products. This is not surprising, because today it contains iodotassium. Previously, potassium iodide was used for its production.
Spices in the baby's nutrition
Spices - certain productsVegetable origin, used as additives in consumed food. They will have their own nutritional value. Their task is to improve the digestion process and give the product a certain taste.
Most of the activities have phytoncideproperties that unquestionably prevent the penetration into the body of all kinds of bacteria. And it is these properties that are valued in modern cooking, as they saturate the food with useful vitamins and minerals.
Spicy vegetables, which in our time are used in the cooking process, are distinguished by a remarkable variety. They began to classify according to what part of them is used for food.
- Seeds are nutmeg, anise, mustard;
- fruits - vanilla, cumin, pepper, badan and cardamom;
- flowers - cloves, saffron, and capers;
- leaves - laurel leaves, marjoram, dill and parsley;
- Bark with cinnamon;
- roots - ginger, horseradish, and garlic.
And each spice contains exactly thosesubstances that give them this unique taste and the smell that we love so much. These substances include: ethereal oils and other other types of oils, ethers, alkaloids, alcohols, and so on.
It should be remembered that, in addition to the fact thatspices stimulate digestive activity and increase the digestibility of certain nutrients, they are also chemical irritants. Therefore, if a person has kidney, liver, stomach or intestinal disease, nervous or cardiovascular system, eating spices as little as possible. As for children and their food, in this case it is also necessary to limit the consumption of spices. To give little children is not recommended at all. In addition to stimulating the digestive activity, they also cause irritation of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, as a result of which inflammatory diseases develop.
In the diet, you can include the following spices in a limited amount:
- Parsley, bay leaf, white pepper, dill, celery (for children from nine months);
- Onion and garlic (can be given to children from eight months in small quantities and only after treatment with steam;
- Vanilla (from nine months), cinnamon (from one year, included in the bakery products);
- spicy herbs: rosemary, basil, etc. (used in the preparation of salads and given to children from two years old).
- When a child is three years old, they add a fresh onion, garlic, spicy greens to his food. The amount of spices should be minimal, only to give flavor.
Do not use ready-mixed multicomponent mixtures. They often contain amplifiers and taste enhancers that will not affect the health of the child in the best way.
To date, cooking is widely usedSome types of food acids. These include vinegar and citric acid. Vinegar can be as wine, and fruit-berry and even alcohol. It all depends on what kind of feedstock. But in any case, it should not be used in the baby's diet.
Citric acid can enter the body of a child only through bakery products.