Pain in the abdomen of a child
Pain in the abdomen is divided into 2 categories: recurring pain and one-time pain. There are subcategories, but everything depends on the child's age.
Pain of this nature does not last long. The cause of the development of such pain is often a poisoning or a condition in which surgical intervention is required. The most dangerous are the pain accompanied by vomiting, a small secretion of bile. With severe pain in the abdomen, bloating, abdominal distension, tenderness when touching the abdomen can be observed. The time of high fever, diarrhea and vomiting will help the doctor determine the nature of the disease and determine what treatment should be used - surgery or medication. For example, with acute appendicitis, pain first appears, followed by vomiting (treated surgically). Whereas with gastroenteritis, vomiting first appears, and then pains in the abdomen (medication is treated).
According to studies, recurring diseasesSensations in the abdomen are most often observed among schoolchildren throughout the school year. More than 50% of schoolchildren complaining of abdominal pain experienced emotional problems. The cause of these pains are often family dramas and turmoil (divorce, regular quarrels and fights), various stresses, death of loved ones. Often, recurring pains are observed in shy, nervous children who are constantly worried about their performance (cause for concern may be another reason). With returning pains, in principle, there may be physical or organic causes. The physical cause of abdominal pain usually occurs due to poor absorption of lactose, fat and vegetable protein. Often the cause of pain in the abdomen is the immense use of carbonated beverages and caffeine. Other likely causes of the onset of pain may include: Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, ulcers. If the pain is not related to physical causes, then you should pay attention to the emotional state of the patient. But even if the abdominal pains are based on emotions, it is still necessary to follow the child and promptly identify the physical causes accompanying them (chronic diarrhea, for example).
There are some signs, in the presence of which it is necessary to sound an alarm:
- Vomiting and abdominal pain;
- Diarrhea or blood in the stool, accompanied by pain;
- The child lies quietly and does not want to walk;
- Abdominal pain lasts 2 hours or more;
- Pain arose at night and woke the child;
- Pain in the testicle or scrotum;
- If the child is bending and grappling while walking;
- Recently there was a stomach injury;
- The child abruptly began to lose weight;
- In the abdomen there are undulating movements or you have found a tumor in the abdomen;
- During eating, the child complains of pain in the stomach or immediately after eating;
- Before feces the child complains of pain;
- Soreness when touched to the stomach;
- Recent abnormalities of urine and / or blood present abnormalities - anemia, increased ESR, low protein content, urinary tract infection.
Parents to note
If the child has acute pain insideBelly, it is not allowed to give painkillers, since later an incorrect diagnosis can be made. It is also forbidden to give the child laxatives and / or antibiotics. With pain in the abdomen, you can not use a heating pad, even if this method relieves pain, puts candles and injects an enema. All this complicates the work of the doctor and, moreover, can mask diseases that require urgent surgical intervention.