Allergy to milk in children
Allergy to milk has its own negativeConsequences and affects the health of the baby. So, the child begins to suffer from bloating, constant gas formation, often crying and belching. And some babies may have attacks of nausea after the procedure of feeding and constipation.
Manifestations of an allergic reaction to milk in infants
The main signs of a potential allergy to milk protein in newborns are eight symptoms:
- Diarrhea is a fairly common disorder in newborns. The appearance of blood in the feces is a sign of a strong allergy to milk.
- Nausea and frequent regurgitation after the procedure of feeding.
- Irritation and rash on the skin.
- Changing the behavior of the child. Infants with an allergy to milk, very often and for a long time crying because of the pain in their tummy.
- Changes in body weight. A small increase in weight or, in general, its absence due to diarrhea and nausea are signs of a serious disorder.
- Gas formation. A large number of gases formed in the baby's stomach also indicate an allergy to milk proteins.
- Sizzling or labored breathing, the presence of mucus in the throat and nose are also considered signs of an allergic reaction of the baby's body to proteins in milk.
- Dehydration, loss of appetite,The lack of energy that arise due to allergic processes in the newborn. The child does not have enough nutrients, which prevents the child's body from growing and developing normally.
Why does the milk allergy develop?
The fact is that some of the proteins included in theThe composition of milk, are potential allergens and are capable of causing the development of an allergic reaction. Such proteins include both casein and whey, which are the main components of milk. From the total amount of milk proteins, casein is 80%, whey - up to 20% and contains two major allergic components - beta-lactaglobulin and alpha-lactalbumin.
In the case where the child's immune systemReacts to milk proteins as a dangerous substance (as for an infection, for a foreign protein), it triggers the mechanisms of the immune response, namely the allergic reaction in response to an allergen, in whose role in this case the milk protein. In turn, this leads to violations of the functions of the newborn's gastrointestinal tract, discomfort and constant crying of the baby. Breastfeeding is associated with a lower risk of developing allergies to breast milk compared with artificial feeding.
With age, an allergy to milk must pass by itselfOn its own, usually this happens when the child reaches the age of three. But, unfortunately, there are examples where children are allergic to milk proteins throughout their lives.
Nutrition of children with allergies to milk proteins
Children who are allergic to milk should not eat yoghurts, cheeses, ice cream, cereals containing cows in the dry milk. Buttermilk and butter are also not recommended.
Cow's milk can be replaced with almond milk,Rice, oatmeal or soy milk. In order for the infant not to lack nutrients, it is necessary to combine cow milk substitutes along with tofu and fruit juices.
Allergy and lactose intolerance
There is a misconception that intoleranceLactose and milk allergy are synonymous terms, which is not true. Intolerance to lactose means that you do not digest milk sugar and it is extremely rare in infants. He is affected by older children and adults. This is an individual intolerance to the carbohydrate of milk. And the allergy develops in response to the milk protein, rather than sugar, and is common in young children and newborns.