Feeding the child in kindergarten
What is taken into account by the garden staff in the preparation of the children's menu
When compiling a menu for children, the following are taken into account: A set of products used per day, the volume of portions, the time that is spent on preparing dishes, all norms of the interchangeability of products for cooking. The loss rates for heat and cold processing, all data on the composition of products are taken into account.
First of all, when compiling a daily dietPay attention to the presence of protein in it. Sources of animal protein are: eggs, meat, fish, dairy products, milk. Vegetable proteins are rich in some cereals (oat, buckwheat, millet), legumes and bread. Nevertheless, most of the fats in the diet should be animal fats. These fats are in sour cream, cream, butter. The total amount of vegetable fats in the daily diet of the baby should be at least 20% (sunflower, olive oil).
Such products as jam, sugar, confectioneryProducts, honey - refined sources of carbohydrates, are less useful for the child. The bulk of the daily needs of the child in carbohydrates should be carried out at the expense of bread, cereals, various pasta. But most importantly, due to fruits and vegetables. Very important for the baby's body are found in vegetables and fruits, in addition to carbohydrates, mineral salts, vitamins and trace elements. In addition, fruits and vegetables perfectly help the process of digestion of food, which is very important for the child's body. Aromatic substances and fruit oils promote the secretion of gastric juice, increase appetite. In the diet of the child in the kindergarten, garlic and onions are also included.
Daily in the kindergarten menu can enterSuch products as butter, milk, sugar, bread, meat, vegetables and fruits. Such products as cottage cheese and eggs can be given to children every other day. Fish can be given to children 1-2 times a week (250 grams). Once a week, kindergarten staff can cook fish or vegetarian soup for children.
In the kindergarten should not be repeated dishes in the menuEvery day, similar in composition. For example, if during the lunch the children ate for the first soup with pasta or with cereal, then the garnish should be prepared for the children of vegetables, but not pasta and cereal. In kindergartens, children are taught to start eating with sour fruits, raw vegetables or salads. Such foods increase appetite, stimulating the production of gastric juice. Vegetable salads are given regularly, but in small quantities, so that the child develops a habit of eating fresh vegetables.
One of the most important conditions in the processCompiling a menu in the kindergarten is a clear record of the requirements of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Service. This refers to the place where food is prepared for children, forbidden dishes and products, for example smoked products, sausages. In addition, close attention is paid to the health of staff who work in the kitchen of the kindergarten. Employees must undergo a regular medical commission.
How should the process of food intake take place in the kindergarten?
Depending on the time spent in the kindergarten, three or four meals a day are set. Eating should take place in a clean and ventilated room.
The regime in the garden is arranged so that walks andNoisy games for half an hour before a meal ended. This time is for quiet games. You need to be especially careful to easily excitable children, do not overload them with different impressions.
The teacher should teach the children to the tableSit down quietly, the necessary observations should be done in a friendly manner and calmly. Serving the table should be properly organized - it is like children.
Parents should be sure to warnEducator about the child's allergy, on any products, on products that can not be eaten by a child due to a disease or individual intolerance. Educators should not force the child to eat food - everyone needs to find an individual approach. Nutrition in kindergarten should be carried out in a relaxed atmosphere.