Development of a premature baby by months
Which child is considered premature
A baby is a premature baby who is bornAppeared from the 21st to the 36th week of pregnancy, with a weight of no more than 2500 grams and a height of 46-47 cm. Compared to conventional babies, the premature baby is weaker and their development is also different from babies born on time. According to physical indications, a preterm child in development "catches" with an ordinary baby from year to three, unless he is sick.
How a premature baby develops by month
In the first month of life in premature infantsThere is an increased risk of developing various infectious diseases that can occur with complications. In weight for the first month after birth, the child is gaining very little. With good development, the baby should have a sucking-swallowing reflex. It is not rare, if this reflex is not yet available, such babies are fed through a probe. In such children, with a body weight of less than 3 kg, the nervous system is not stable and this condition can be held for up to 4 months. While the baby does not learn to breathe on its own, artificial oxygen supply is necessary. It is necessary at this time especially to contact the mother with the baby, to maintain a voice and tactile contact.
Premature baby in the second month of lifeBegins to gain weight. This is evidenced by its good development. The head can not be raised by such kids, as opposed to full-term children. During feeding, children in the second month of life are very tired, they need to be supplemented with breast expressed milk. It is necessary to feed the child in this period quite often.
For the third month in a premature babyThe body weight increases one and a half times. The child is quite sensitive to touch, although it can not smile yet. For such children it is very important to maintain the temperature regime. The room temperature should be about 24 degrees. The baby should be warmly dressed. In the room where the child is, bright light should not be. Moments of wakefulness in this period of life are still quite short, the child almost all the time sleeps, but it is important to change the position of the baby's body.
Raise and hold the head of preterm infantsBegin on the fourth month. He begins to make sounds and fix his eyes. At this time, you can begin to do a baby a light massage. For the child are recommended: water procedures, hovering on the hands, air baths.
It is very important for parents to know how theBaby by months to follow its development. In the fifth month, premature babies are already trying to play, smile, some even grab hold of the toys.
By the age of six months, a premature baby increasesIts initial weight is 2-2.5 times, rapidly develops psycho-emotional. The kid at this age already turns his head, plays with toys, reacts to sound sources. At this age the child in development begins to approach the development of an ordinary baby. Some children already distinguish their relatives from strangers' people.
On the seventh month after birth, the baby can turn over from the abdomen on the back, plays more actively.
In the eighth month the child easily turns over, active walking begins. He already has an imitation of crawling - rises to all fours and swings. Baby can already eat from a spoon.
Already on the 9th month of life the baby himselfActively plays with toys, begins to stand on the legs, holding on to the barrier, with the supporting arm sits independently on his side. During feeding, he tries to pull pieces of food into his mouth.
At the 10th month, a premature baby can go up with support to his feet, speak various sounds well, closely observe moving objects.
At the 11th month the child becomes even more active, reacts to his name, creeps or moves in a plastunist way.
By the year, children are significantly catching up with developmentFull-term children, they begin to pronounce syllables. But the parents can not rush things (early put on the legs), the baby should develop gradually, depending on the individual qualities.