If a child sees a nightmare in a dream, then his bodyTense and elongated, and sometimes a reflex change in position can be observed. For example, he can sit in bed. Very often the child at such times begins inconsolable crying or just screaming. This behavior is associated with the inconsistency of different parts of the brain. In this case, it is possible to observe the slowing of motor activity against the background of high instability of the process of relaxation of physiological reactions.
What is a nightmare?
On children's nightmares can not be waved andSay that this is just a child's fantasy or the thoughts of caring parents. This is a hallucinatory physiological phenomenon, when the child's brain is in an overexcited state and can not switch to the stage of inhibition. As a result - increased mental excitability in the first hours, when the child has a phase of deep sleep.
Approximately one third of children who suffer fromNightmares, there is an increased motor activity. Being in a panic, a child can swing his arms and kick his legs, try to get up, while he does not leave the phase of deep sleep. Over time, the child may develop diseases such as sleepwalking or parasomnia.
Such a condition in a child can be characterizedAs the desire to move, while in a state of sleep. During movement, the eyes can be opened very widely, and the pupils are dilated and without any reaction to any movements. To wake up at such a moment the child is difficult enough, he does not recognize anyone from those around him, does not orient himself in space, and generally can not understand where he is at this moment.
Primary night terrors of a child last forTime, usually about 15-20 minutes. The baby at this moment raises blood pressure, pulse quickens, sweating is also increased; The child breathes jerky and very often; Eye movements are fast. Then the excitation passes into the stage of deep sleep. Unheeded nightmares in a child are only once a night. Having woken up, the child hardly will recollect, that with it something occured or happened at night.
Nightmares in a child are not hereditaryThey are not caused by genetic factors. Provoke nightmares may be a mismatch of mental and physical development, as well as severe functional diseases of certain systems and organs. It happens that nightly nightmares are a precursor of mental illness.
Nightmares can occur in a child of any kindAge. But most often such cases are recorded in the age group from three to five years. And most of all the boys suffer from this. The full release of nightmares and fears occurs by the age of twelve.
Why do we have nightmares?
Nightmares in children at night - this is quiteNormal physiological process of the undeveloped and immature nervous system. Confusion in falling asleep and awakening can be caused by various stressful situations, for example, when the baby is very tired. Also, can trigger and any changes that are introduced into the regular schedule of wakefulness and sleep of the baby. Manifestation of a nightmare can and because of the fullness of the bladder. Fear at night, which is not manifested in childhood, but already in adolescence or in an adult, is an alarming sign, often associated with head trauma or sleep disorders due to stress.
Whatever the manifestations of nocturnal fears provoked, an experienced specialist can determine their true cause. After that, he will appoint an effective treatment, as well as a course of rehabilitation.
Often, nightmares in the child passIndependently after the sleep and rest mode has been adjusted. However, sometimes nightly fears are still a reason to call a doctor.