Sugar in children's food
What role do carbohydrates play in the body?
An important role in children's nutrition is sugar, soAs it is a source of carbohydrates. In the body carbohydrates are split and the final product of the cleavage is glucose. Glucose in its pure form is in fruits, the amount of glucose depends on ripeness of the fetus (the sweeter, the more). If the blood glucose level falls, then there is a feeling of hunger. This is explained by the fact that glucose is a universal source of energy, besides it is a stimulant of appetite.
A carbohydrate is needed as a source of energy for a child,Vitamins (beta-carotene, vitamin C, folic acid). As a source of mineral salts (iron and potassium), organic acids (which improve the digestion process), dietary fiber (prevention of constipation in children). The more one unit of calories of such valuable substances, the greater the nutritional value of the carbohydrate. The daily norm of a preschooler is 150 grams of fruit and 300 grams of vegetables. It should be noted that sugar, although it has a high calorie content, has no nutritional value.
What proportion of carbohydrates should be in the dietThe child depends more on age. The content of carbohydrates in children under one year is 40%. In older children, the content increases to 60%, 10% of which is sugar, including those contained in various confectionery products.
How and when to give the child goodies
The fact that a child loves the sweet is laid in it onGenetic level. After all, even the first food of the baby has a sweet taste - mother's milk contains lactose - milk sugar. If a child is fed by artificial means of milk formula, he receives not only lactose, but also maltose.
To expand the assortment of sources of carbohydrates can be a gradual introduction of complementary foods - vegetable and fruit juices, cereals, purees, which completely compensate for the child's carbohydrate needs.
Usually they do not contain table sugar -Sucrose, so the parents' desire to sweeten the dish to their own taste is completely unacceptable, even if it is a desire for noble purposes - that the child should eat more. This desire of parents leads to distortion in the child's taste sensations, the rejection of dishes without sugar, and as a result to overeating and excess weight.
Table sugar in the baby's nutrition can be enteredAfter one year, this applies to sweets, but you need to enter a small amount. Children from 1 to 3 years are allowed per day to give 40 grams. Sugar, children from 3 to 6 years old are allowed 50 gr. Sahara.
Begin to give sweets baby can from differentMousses, for the preparation of which berries are taken - a fruit base (for example, fresh-frozen and / or fresh fruits and berries). Then you can start to give marmalade, marshmallow, pastille, various kinds of jam, jam, jam. In the preparation of pastilles and marshmallows the basis is a fruit and berry puree, shot down with egg whites and sugar. For the first acquaintance of the child with marshmallows, it is recommended to pick up a creamy or vanilla marshmallow, then you can enter marshmallows with fruit additives.
Marmalade is a confectionery jelly-like product, which is obtained as a result of boiling of sugar, fruit and berry puree, molasses, pectin.
Children older than 3 years can be given cakes andCakes in small quantities, in which there are no fat-based creams. You can also start to give low-fat types of ice cream (it is not recommended to give a seal).
Regulated amount of sweets: children from 1 to 3 years per day are allowed 10 gr. 3-6 year olds - 15 gr. per day. Any sweets are given either for a snack or after a meal.
A little bit about honey. Honey has a high nutritional value and healing properties. But the use of a preschool child in the diet can be limited by increased allergenicity. Therefore, as an independent product for children under 3 years is better not to give.